Movement Disorders: Akinesia, Chorea, Dystonia, Involuntary Movements, Tourette’s Syndrome, Spasmodic Torticollis
Ataxia, tremors, dysphonia, and dystonia are some of the types of movement disorders. Read on to know more.
Trembling or shaky hands is a condition when there is an involuntary movement of the hands. Trembling hands are also referred to as hand tremors. The trembling hands can be caused by any neurological condition like multiple sclerosis, stroke, brain injury or Parkinson disease. Most of the trembling hands or hand tremors do not have any cure. Mild trembling in the hands does not require any treatment as they do not affect the activities of the patient.
Focal dystonia is an unusual neurological condition, which is also referred to as “the yips,” characterized by involuntary spasms in the small muscles. The cause of Focal Dystonia could be repetitive or overuse stress. People who commonly experience Focal Dystonia include golfers and musicians. Know the causes, symptoms, risk factors and treatment of focal dystonia.
Restless legs syndrome is best known as a neurological sensory disorder due to its symptoms, this is mostly felt during late evenings or at night when sleeping. Learn about some of the important facts about restless leg syndrome.
Choreoathetosis is referred to a condition of involuntary movements which consist of athetosis (writhing & twisting) and chorea (irregular migrating contractions). Choreoathetosis commonly develops as a result of sudden infections, disorders or injuries in the muscle movement. Know the causes, symptoms, treatment and prognosis of Choreoathetosis.
Dystonic tremor is a type of tremor which the patient develops along with or in association with dystonia. Dystonic tremor can also affect the patient’s quality of life and cause tiredness in the patient and feels of isolation in social gatherings. Know the difference between dystonic tremor and essential tremor, symptoms of dystonic tremor, its types, treatment and diagnosis.
Asterixis is a tremor or movement disorder characterized by movement of hands and wrists that resembles flapping of wings. Asterixis is caused by disorders in the motor function leading to involuntary arrhythmic movements of the hands. It can affect both sides bilaterally or it can affect only one side. Treatment modalities for Asterixis are planned based on the extent of the underlying damage.
Segawa Syndrome (SS) is a movement disorder which is genetic in nature and commonly appears in early childhood, around the age of 6 to 8 years. Segawa Syndrome is also referred to as hereditary progressive dystonia with diurnal fluctuation, Segawa's dystonia, Segawa's disease and Dopamine-responsive dystonia (DRD).
Athetosis is a condition where the patient experiences slow, convoluted, involuntary and writhing movements of the hands, fingers, feet and toes. The common cause for Athetosis is lesions or damage in the brain, especially in the corpus striatum of which Athetosis is the symptom. Treatment for athetosis consists of different approaches which include: drugs, surgery and re-training the movements of the patient.
Patients having akathisia won’t be able to keep or sit still at one place and are always fidgety, restless, hop from foot to another or pace about. Akathisia literally means “inability to sit,” and is a type of movement disorder. Know the causes, symptoms, treatment of akathisia.
Chorea gravidarum is a rare condition where the patient develops chorea during her pregnancy. Chorea gravidarum is a complication of pregnancy and it is related with eclampsia. Know the causes, signs, symptoms, treatment, pathophysiology of chorea gravidarum.
The most common form of Transient Tic Disorder is termed as Tourette Syndrome in which the affected child has both physical as well as vocal tics. Know the causes, symptoms, treatment and diagnosis of transient tic disorder.
The underlying cause of essential or benign tremor is unknown. However, it is apparent that many cases of essential or benign tremor are familial. Consumption of the foods such as chicken, beef, and pork extensively is also one of the causes of essential or benign tremor. Not all of the cases of essential or benign tremor require treatment. However, there are many treatment options depending on the severity of essential or benign tremor.
Akinesia and dyskinesia are used in connection with the muscle movement in Parkinson’s disease. You will not be able to stop the involuntary movements of muscles in dyskinesia. And in akinesia you lose the capability to move your muscles voluntarily.