Understanding the Nausea Feeling!
Nausea is an unpleasant feeling. There is an area in the brain that is called the vomiting centre that controls the nausea feeling and also controls the need to vomit. This area of the brain receives signals from other body parts like the gut, and part of the ear that controls balance or the vestibular system. It also receives signals from other part of the brain known as CTZ or chemoreceptor trigger zone. These signals have an effect on the vomiting centre of the brain and that is the reason why you feel nausea and a need to vomit.
There are a several causes for nausea which includes gastroenteritis, migraine, ear problem, pregnancy, anxiety, motion sickness etc, and also some rare conditions like infections in brain or meningitis, tumor growth in the brain or gut etc. Even specific medicines cause nausea and the feeling to vomit.
There are a lot of medicines to treat nausea and also there are a number of home remedies that you can take to get rid of nauseous feeling. Let us know more about what to take for nausea in the following paragraphs of the article.
Medicines & Home Remedies to Take for Nausea
Medicines To Take For Nausea:
There are some medicines which are used for treating nausea and taking these medicines prevent the feeling of sickness or nausea and also helps you stop from being sick or vomiting. These medicines are also called antiemetics. Some medications work on the gut and speed up, how quickly food moves through it; while other medications work on the brain and block signals to the vomiting center and thus prevents the feeling of nausea or vomiting.
Medicines that you can take for nausea are available as tablets, as liquids, as capsules, suppositories and skin patches. Some medicines are also given as injections in to the muscle or directly in to your vein. There are also some buccal tablets or the medicines as tablets that dissolve in the mouth against the gum. Below are some of the medicines you can take for nausea. However, it is essential to note that you must take these medicines only with doctor’s consultation and prescription.
Cinnarizine, Promethazine, Cyclizine:
These are the medicines belonging to a group of medicines known as antihistamines. Though the exact way that these medicines work is not understood fully, it is thought that antihistamines block histamine 1 or H1 receptors in the area of the brain which creates nausea in response to chemicals in the body. These medicines are thought to work well for nausea that is caused by a number of conditions.
Chlorpromazine, Perphenazine, haloperidol, Levomepromazine, Prochlorperazine:
These medicines work by blocking dopamine or a chemical in the brain. These are useful for nausea that is caused due to some cancer, radiation and opiate medicines like morphine and codeine.
Prochlorperazine is one of the most used medicines that you can take for nausea. It works for many causes of nausea, including vertigo, sickness during pregnancy and ear problems.
One more medicine that you can take for nausea is hyoscine, that block by blocking the chemical in the brain called the Acetylcholine. This is a type of medicine called an antimuscarinic or anticholinergic. The medicine works great for nausea that is caused by ear problems and motion sickness.
Domperidone is another medicine that works of CTZ. It also speeds up the emptying of the gut. The medicine is not usually used for more than a few days.
There is another medicine called Metoclopramide that can be taken for nausea. This medicine works directly on the gut. It eases the feelings of sickness by helping to empty your stomach and speed up how quickly food moves via the gut. This medicine is often used for people with sickness because of gut problems or because of migraines. It must be noted that the medicine must not be used for more than a few days.
This is a steroid medicine and is a man-made version of a natural hormone that is produced by our own body. Dexamethasone has a wide range of actions on several parts of our body. It is not clear why it helps in reducing nausea.
Aprepitant and Fosaprepitant:
There are also newer medicines like Aprepitant and Fosaprepitant, which can be taken for nausea. These medicines work by blocking a chemical that acts on neurokinin-1 receptors in the body so as to cause nausea. They are sometimes also known as neurokinin-1 receptor antagonists. These medicines are usually given to people who are on a certain type of chemotherapy.
One more medicine that you can take for nausea is Nabilone. It is still not clear how this works in controlling nausea. It is normally given to people who are having chemotherapy.
Granisetron, Ondansetron and Palonosetron:
These medicines also work in reducing nausea. They work by blocking serotonin of 5-HT, in the gut that is a chemical, and the brain. Serotonin or 5-HT has an action in the gut and the brain for causing nausea. These medicines are beneficial in controlling nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy.
Some Home Remedies to Take for Nausea:
Below are some of the natural home remedies for nausea.
Glorious Ginger to Take for Nausea:
Ginger in any form, may be in the form of ginger ale, or ginger tea or may be even raw ginger; is an excellent remedy that help to stop nausea in its tracks. Ginger enhances the secretion of several digestive juices or enzymes that aid in neutralizing stomach acid. It also contains phenols that relax the muscles of stomach and act similar to a sedative on irritated stomach tissue, reducing the over activity of your stomach. At the same time, the phenols contained in ginger, help your intestine move digested food and toxins via your system in a quicker manner, getting any bad stuff that may be making you feel ill, pass quickly.
You can take ginger in its capsule form, nibble the raw ginger root or grate some in to a soothing ginger soup. You can also prepare ginger tea and take it as a home remedy for nausea.
For making ginger tea, you will require 1 ginger root, honey, 2-3 cups of water. Wash the ginger root properly and then peel it and slice it in to small pieces. You can even cover these pieces with wax paper and crush it in to extra small pieces. Then boil, 2-3 cups of water and add your crushed ginger, letting it boil for about 5 minutes. Remove from heat and strain it. Add honey for taste and sip the drink slowly.
For preparing ginger ale, you will require 2 cups of chopped ginger, 3-4 strips of lemon peel, chilled club soda that must be about 3 quarts, ice cubes and 1/2 cups of sugar. Place ginger roots in a saucepan, add lemon and 4 cups of water to it and allow it to boil over high heat first and then at simmer, let it sit uncovered for at least 10 minutes. Add sugar to it, while stirring properly. Then, again boil the mixture until it reduces to about 3 cups. This would take 15 minutes. Strain over a large bowl. Add ice cubes cold club soda, once the mixture gets cooled. You then take this homemade remedy ginger ale for nausea.
BRAT Diet to Take for Nausea:
Know and follow the BRAT diet in order to keep nausea under control naturally. This home remedy diet for nausea comprises of bananas, Apple sauce (without sugar), rice and toast. You can also add pasta and potatoes to the BRAT diet.
Fresh Lemon to Take for Nausea:
The smell of citrus can help in reducing the murky feeling of nausea, calm your stomach and calm you. Simply slice one lemon in to half and position it close to you, so that you can smell it. Make sure you are inhaling and exhaling completely.
Take Frozen Fruits for Nausea:
Keep a few slices of lemon or lime in a plastic bag in the freezer and use for the times you find yourself getting nausea. You can use the fresh flavor of lemon or lime and it helps in treating nausea naturally. When you feel ill, simply lie down and suck on a slice of the lemon or lime. And when you are not feeling ill, you can store the cut frozen lemon or lime pieces in the freezer.
Peppermint as a Home Remedy to Take for Nausea:
Just like lemon, peppermint is also one of those fresh scents that have tremendous ability to tame an upset stomach. It has a number of forms that lend themselves to natural remedies, like tea or oil. For quick relief from nausea, try rubbing some peppermint oil directly on your gums. You can also prepare a homemade remedy of peppermint tea and take it for nausea.
Take Milk Toast for Nausea:
Bland foods can aid your stomach and two such foods particularly favored are milk and bread. Bread absorbs excess of acid, and milk coats your stomach, which is also why they are usually recommended when you take something like aspirin, which can hurt an empty stomach. However, be sure that you do not drink milk straight, as dairy alone can cause stomach upset. So, make milk toast. Do not make milk toast if you have stomach flu or gastroenteritis, which reacts poorly to diary, milk toast aids the most when the stomach is irritated because of the OTC medicines.
To prepare milk toast, you will require 1 cup of milk, 1 piece of toast and unsalted butter.
Simply heat up one cup of milk and then pour in to a cereal bowl or anything similar. Toast a piece of bread and spread a little bit of unsalted butter on it. Crumble the toast in to the milk and eat it slowly.
Take Necessary Fluids and Nutrients for Nausea:
It must be mentioned that if you are sick to your stomach and are still feeling nauseas, you are probably perpetuating the problem by not replacing with the fluid you have lost. Even if you have not yet thrown up, you still need to drink plenty of water; as it is one of the quicker home remedy to relieve a feeling of queasiness.
Above, we talked about some medicines and other natural home remedies you can take for nausea. It is essential for you to consult a medical professional before taking any medicine. You can try out the home remedies until you visit your doctor.