Staphylococcus or Staph is a group of bacteria that can result in multitude of diseases. Staphylococcus aureus or staph infections may cause disease because of direct infection or due to the production of toxins by the bacteria. Food poisoning, boils, cellulitis, impetigo, and toxic shock syndrome are some examples of diseases that can be caused by Staph bacteria. In this current article we will know about the best antibiotic for Staphylococcus aureus.
What Is The Best Antibiotic For Staphylococcus Aureus?
There are several different types of antibiotics that have been used to treat Staphylococcus aureus or staph infections; however the choice of antibiotic mainly depends on the type and the severity of Staphylococcus aureus or staph infections and also drug-resistance patterns of the particular bacterial type.
Most strains of Staphylococcus aureus are now resistant to the antibiotic penicillin, and methicillin-resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus or MRSA are common in hospitals and are emerging in the community. For managing the serious methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus or MSSA infections, Penicillinase-resistant penicillin’s, such as Flucloxacillin and dicloxacillin, remain the antibiotics of choice.
However, in case of less serious methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus or MSSA infections, such as skin and soft tissue infections or in patients with penicillin hypersensitivity, first generation cephalosporins, such as Cefazolin cephalothin and cephalexin; clindamycin, lincomycin and Erythromycin have crucial therapeutic roles.
It must be noted that all serious forms of Staphylococcus aureus or staph infections should be treated with parenteral vancomycin or, if the patient is allergic to vancomycin, then Teicoplanin can be used.
Nosocomial strains of MRSA are usually multiresistant or mrMRSA, and these mrMRSA strains must be treated with a combination of two oral antimicrobials; typically rifampicin and fusidic acid; because if they are used as single agents then resistance develops rapidly.
New antibiotics for Staphylococcus aureus or staph infections such as Linezolid and quinupristin have good antistaphylococcal activity; however, they are very expensive and should be reserved for patients who fail on or are intolerant of conventional therapy or who have highly resistant strains like heterogenous vancomycin intermediate staphylococcus aureus or hVISA.
It is always essential for you to consult your doctor in case you experience any symptom of Staphylococcus aureus infection and take the appropriate antibiotic to treat your condition.