What is Hypodontia: Causes, Treatment

What is Hypodontia?

Hypodontia is recognized as an inherited state that is being categorized by developmentally missing teeth. In cases where a patient misses six or more than six permanent teeth then that condition is known as Oligodontia. Anodontia is identified as a condition where a patient hasn’t got any tooth at all. However, supernumerary teeth are referred to a condition where a patient has more teeth compared to the regular number of teeth.

What is Hypodontia?

Causes of Hypodontia

There are several causes that lead to hypodontia. The most common reason could well be genetics, which means it may simply have been in your family. Nonetheless, there are other causes too that lead to this problem which includes:

Hypodontia is also associated with some types of environmental factors, such as radiation, exposure to PCB’s, allergies, toxic epidermal necrolysis, and chemotherapy. You could also suffer from this problem when you happen to suffer from illnesses, such as candida and rubella. Those children who are born with a lower birth weight, particularly twins, suffer from an increased danger of hypodontia.

Treatment for Hypodontia

There is absolutely no way through which you can force to grow a new set of teeth. However, there are few procedures which can correct the advent of missing teeth or hypodontia. Patients who miss one or a couple of teeth can get benefitted from orthodontic treatment. In this treatment, the remaining teeth are shifted so as to fill the gap that arose from hypodontia. Nonetheless, it is viewed as a common practice to remove few permanent adult teeth for lessening crowding. When the orthodontic treatment for hypodontia gets completed, the teeth might require a little filing for getting an undeviating look. Patients who are missing more teeth and can’t be treated with the help of orthodontics may require a dental implant. In this process, a root is installed to the patient’s jaw bone with the help of a metal rod.

After this, a crown is linked to the uncovered area of this root that imitates the look of one natural tooth. Those patients who receive this treatment would get a root installed in every area where hypodontia is apparent. There is another permanent process of treating this disorder and this is named bridge. A bridge happens when a couple of teeth or one or the other side of the lost tooth are filed for the purpose of crowns. Again, when an implant or a bridge doesn’t provide fruitful results, then some patients go for a fractional denture which is placed over the gap. This is viewed as the provisional option and the majority of the patients opt for something more permanent.


When you begin treatment for hypodontia your timing plays a vital role. When you realize that your child is suffering from permanent adult teeth then you need to have discussions with your dentist immediately. Depending on the number of teeth one is missing, the patient is referred to a dentist who specializes in hypodontia and can do the treatment. However, when your child is missing just one or a couple of adult teeth then it can be easily cured by your family dentist alone.

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Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA
Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA
Written, Edited or Reviewed By: Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA Pain Assist Inc. This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimer
Last Modified On:May 30, 2018

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