Odontogenic pain is one of the most common forms of orofacial pains. When a person sees a dentist or a doctor complaining about odontogenic pain, the most difficult part of the diagnosis is to assess the origin of the pain. This is because, often, the non-odontogenic pains are mistaken with odontogenic pains. Pains forming from the ears, eyes, temporomandibular joints, larynx and pharynx all can be so severe that it becomes difficult for the sufferer to tell whether they are originated from the teeth or not.
When your teeth suffer from some sort of infection, it can lead to dental plaques, formation of dental cavities and dental abscess. This causes mild to severe tooth ache. When the cause of the pain originates from teeth, it is known as odontogenic pain.
What is Odontogenic Pain?
Any unpleasant emotional and sensory experience can be termed as pain. The pain can be associated with actual tissue damage. When any such sensory experience takes place in the face, it is known as orofacial pain. However, orofacial pains can originate either from the teeth or from other parts of the face. Pain originating from the teeth is odontogenic pain. Pain originating from any other part of the face that is above the neck and up to the ears is known as non-odontogenic orofacial pain.
Types of Odontogenic Pain
When a patient reports to the doctor about any orofacial pain, the doctor (most likely the dentist) will have to assess if the pain is of non-odontogenic origin or not. To make sure that the pain is caused from a dental origin, one looks for certain possibilities. These include –
The possible causes of pulpal pain are –
- Dentine hypersensitivity
- Dental caries
- Defective restoration
- Cracked tooth syndrome
- Reversible pulpitis
- Irreversible pulpitis
- Pulp necrosis (partial).
Along with the pulpal pain, the odontogenic pain can also be due to–
The possible causes of this type of pain include –
- Traumatic periodontitis
- Perio-endo lesion
- Endo-perio lesion
- Combined endo-perio lesion
- Periodontal abscess
The causes of this type of pain are –
- Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis
- Lichen planus
- Mucous membrane pemphigoid.
Another type of odontogenic pain can be –
- Acute alveolar osteitis (dry socket) is a possible cause for odontogenic pain originating from the bones.
- Once the type of odontogenic pain has been identified, the dentist would proceed towards the right type of treatment accordingly.
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