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Does Interstitial Cystitis Start Suddenly & Can It Be Sexually Transmitted?

Interstitial cystitis is a type of chronic condition that causes bladder pain, bladder pressure, and in some cases, pain in the pelvic region. The pain, in this case, ranges from the only a mild type of discomfort to a severe form of pain. The condition belongs to the category of various diseases referred to as painful bladder syndrome.(1)

Along with mild to severe pain, you will experience a few other urinary tract symptoms. These symptoms will last for about 6weeks that too without any clear cause or any other type of infection. The symptoms associated with IC come and go for a few of the patients while for others, the symptoms never go away.(2)

Approximately 5percent of total interstitial cystitis experience persistent symptoms for about 2years and the other 5percent have severe or end-stage disease referred to as hard bladders with severe pain and low capacity.(3)

Interstitial cystitis has a significant influence on your work, lifestyle, emotional health, and other relations. However, doctors have come up with different types of treatment options to relieve the underlying symptoms largely.(4)

Does Interstitial Cystitis Start Suddenly?

Does Interstitial Cystitis Start Suddenly?

Interstitial cystitis never starts in the form of any end-stage disease. Instead, the problem starts suddenly whenever you have mild and intermittent symptoms, or your doctor misdiagnoses the underlying problem.(5)

However, a few of the doctors are still unknown about the underlying cause of interstitial cystitis. They only have identified different factors, which may contribute to the development of this condition. Most of the researchers have perceived that the triggers initially damage the bladder lining or the bladder, while ultimately result in the development of interstitial cystitis. These triggers include the following-

  • Bladder trauma, which mainly takes place after pelvic surgeries
  • Cystitis i.e. bacterial infection
  • Dysfunction of pelvic floor muscles
  • Autoimmune disorder
  • Inflammation or hypersensitivity of pelvic bones and nerves referred to as primary neurogenic inflammation
  • Trauma in the spinal cord(6)

Along with this, doctors have found other common triggers of interstitial cystitis. These are certain vitamins and supplement-based medicines, poor diet and lifestyle, exercise, hormonal fluctuations, sexual intercourse, stress, and specific transportation modes, wearing tight clothes.(7)

Symptoms Of Interstitial Cystitis Also Take Place Suddenly

Another important fact that justifies that interstitial cystitis occurs suddenly is that its symptoms may come suddenly and become highly uncomfortable. The common symptoms of the problem are as follows-

  • Strong and frequent urge to urinate even when you empty the urinary bladder i.e. urgency and frequency
  • Pain and/or burning sensation at the time of urination i.e. dysuria
  • Strong smelling or foul-smelling urine
  • Cloudy urine
  • A sensation of bladder fullness, pressure or cramping in the back area or middle area of the lower abdomen
  • Chills and low-grade fever
  • Presence of blood in the urine(8)

Can Interstitial Cystitis Be Sexually Transmitted?

No, interstitial cystitis is not a sexually transmitted type of disease, as it is not a contagious problem. Indeed, the disease never spreads in the body and never makes your condition worse.(9)


To conclude, we should say that interstitial cystitis and its underlying symptoms start suddenly and there are multiple factors for the cause. Moreover, the disease does not belong to the category of sexually transmitted disease, as it is non-contagious.


Also Read:

Sheetal DeCaria, M.D.
Sheetal DeCaria, M.D.
Written, Edited or Reviewed By: Sheetal DeCaria, M.D. This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimer
Last Modified On:December 4, 2020

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