What is Elbow Hyperextension Injury?
A hyperextension injury of the elbow occurs when the elbow is bent or twisted backwards in the wrong way. This injury is commonly seen in individual involved in contact sports e.g. Rugby. The elbow is forced backwards, and this hyperextension results in damage to the surrounding structures and ligaments of the elbow causing pain. Treatment comprises of rest, ice therapy, NSAIDs, taping, and rehabilitation.
Symptoms of Elbow Hyperextension Injury
- Immediate pain upon extending the arm.
- Pain in the anterior region of the elbow.
- Swelling is present.
- Swelling may be present.
- Numbness may be present.
- The biceps may contract in order to protect the joint. So it is difficult and painful for the patient to straighten the arm.
Treatment of Elbow Hyperextension Injury
- Cold therapy application helps in relieving pain and swelling.
- Compression bandage can be applied.
- Rest is important for healing until the symptoms abate.
- After the acute phase has passed, heat therapy or a retainer can be used.
- Brace can used to support the elbow and immobilize it.
- NSAIDs such as ibuprofen and naproxen can be given for pain relief.
- Strapping can be applied to avoid further hyper extending of the elbow and faster healing.
- Patient should seek advice with a sports specialist for rehabilitation.
- Ultrasound therapy helps in decreasing pain and swelling.
- Taping the elbow gives it support and prevents hyperextension of the elbow.