What is Extensor Hallucis Brevis Muscle and What is its Function?
The Extensor Hallucis Brevis muscle is located at the top of the foot. The function of Extensor Hallucis Brevis muscle is to facilitate movement of the big toe. This muscle inserts into the proximal phalanxx of the digit which has the bones which makes up the lower part of big toe. Extensor Hallucis Brevis muscle originates from the heel bone. Blood is supplied to the muscle by the dorsalis pedis artery. The Extensor Hallucis Brevis muscle is innervated by the deep fibular nerves. This muscle also works in close association with the Extensor Digitorum Brevis muscle and also plays a vital role in extension of the toes of the foot, although the main function of this muscle is to facilitate extension of the big toe. Due to the location of this muscle, any strain put on the foot, ankle or toe during any sporting activity or standing or ambulating for prolonged periods of time may end up causing a strain or tear of Extensor Hallucis Brevis. The Extensor Hallucis Brevis muscle can be treated with conservative forms of treatments alone which have been described in detail below.
Signs and Symptoms of Extensor Hallucis Brevis Muscle Strain
Some of the symptoms which point towards a Strained Extensor Hallucis Brevis Muscle are:
- Pain right at the top of the foot and near the toes
- Problems with raising the foot upwards
- Feeling of numbness in the foot
- Big toe pain
- Cramping of the foot
- Deformities like clawtoe or hammertoes.
What can Cause Extensor Hallucis Brevis Muscle Strain?
Some of the activities that can cause Strained Extensor Hallucis Brevis Muscle are:
- Frequently stubbing the toes
- Football players are prone to injuring the Extensor Hallucis Brevis muscle as when they kick the ball they strain the Extensor Hallucis Brevis muscle and doing it frequently leads to damage to the muscle
- Professional cyclists are also prone to Extensor Hallucis Brevis muscle strain.
- People who work in an environment where they have to negotiate stairs frequently also are at risk for injuring Extensor Hallucis Brevis muscle.
Risk Factors of Extensor Hallucis Brevis Muscle Strain
Some of the medical conditions that can be related to Extensor Hallucis Brevis Muscle Strain are:
- Diabetic neuropathy
- Hammertoes or clawtoe deformity
What is the Treatment for Extensor Hallucis Brevis Muscle Strain?
Some of the treatments for Extensor Hallucis Brevis Strain are:
Cold Therapy to Treat Extensor Hallucis Brevis Strain: There are many forms of gels and cold packs available in the market and over the counter which can go a long way in helping with treatment of Extensor Hallucis Brevis Muscle Strain. The gels that are available are normally used immediately after an injury or strain as it immediately cools the area and prevents swelling from developing in the area. It has been proved such gels or coolants have healed injuries to the Extensor Hallucis Brevis Muscle twice quickly than normal application of ice and the pain relief is more longer lasting. The gel is used by rubbing it at the injured site up to the ankle. One can also use Ice pack as a form of conservative treatment for Extensor Hallucis Brevis Muscle Strain.
Warm Therapy to Treat Extensor Hallucis Brevis Strain: This type of therapy can also be used for treating an injured Extensor Hallucis Brevis. This gel provides adequate warmth to the injured area without actually burning the area. It works fantastically well in relieving pain and stiffness post an injury to the Extensor Hallucis Brevis. This gel needs to be put at the bottom of the foot and rubbed through to the ankle for best results. It should be noted here that warm therapy should never be used when using ice packs or heat packs as this may result in blistering of the skin
Calf Muscle Brace and Support: These types of wraps are quite adjustable and help in providing support to the injured Extensor Hallucis Brevis Muscle. These wraps are helpful in providing adequate compression and facilitate relaxation of the injured muscle to facilitate speedy healing from a strained Extensor Hallucis Brevis Muscle.