What is a Sonogram, Know its Types, Procedures and Uses?

Sonogram is the picture which you get from ultrasonography procedure, which is a diagnostic procedure. It is an imaging technique performed by doctors to detect any structural abnormalities in the body. Know about sonogram, its types, procedures and uses.

Sonogram is commonly used to detect swelling, growth, tumors, developing fetus in the womb or presence of any abnormalities. It is during pregnancy that several procedures are carried out on the abdomen of women to see how the baby is. Sonogram is one of such technique to know about the baby which makes it easier to gauge their health. Sonography is basically a part of prenatal testing to ensure that baby is in a healthy condition and this technique is carried out to check if everything really is alright or not. Sonogram is a very useful tool that aids the diagnosis of several other diseases.

What is a Sonogram?

What is a Sonogram?

Sonogram is a painless procedure and does not involve any kind of incision when it comes to using the techniques that are involved in the procedure. There are several meanings to sonogram which really makes it easier for the doctors to draw out the conclusions to ensure diagnosis in a right way.

Sonogram is used for various purposes and is also helpful in checking the heart rate and pregnancy status of woman. It is important to understand about the types of sonogram and its uses to make an informed decision. Sonogram is painless and safe and hence used on a large scale by doctors. It is also safe for pregnant women and is considered an effective procedure that doctors recommend to see the health status of baby.

What are the Types of Sonogram?

Sonograms are produced when ultrasound procedures are carried out with the help of high-frequency sound waves. Sonograms are commonly used to detect disorders, including gynecological problems and for prenatal check-up during pregnancy. As a prenatal examination, the sonograms are used for various purposes and these sonograms also have various types. The abdomen and pelvic activity of a woman is being scanned and this remains the best thing that can be of great help.

There are basically two types of sonograms, which are carried out by the doctors that include the following:

  • Trans-abdominal sonogram
  • Transvaginal sonogram

In case of trans-abdominal scan, the sonogram is performed from the surface of the skin of the abdomen and pelvis region. This is the commonest type of sonogram, used for various purposes. While in the transvaginal type of sonogram, the probe is inserted from inside of the vagina. This makes it easier to check the actual health status of the fetus and womb and is particularly used for this purpose only.

Both the types of sonogram are absolutely safe and secure to assess the condition of the abdominal organs, reproductive organs and even the growing fetus, in case of pregnancy sonogram.

Transvaginal scan is considered to be more fruitful considering the level of precision it has and while talking about the resolution, it is this procedure which is considered to be of great value for the medical probe to a deeper level of abdomen.

What are the Procedures to Perform Sonogram?

Sonogram is called so because it uses sound waves and it is due to these sound waves that pictures of the organs are reproduced. To make accurate diagnosis, many kinds of problems need to be gauged which includes infection that does not respond to medicines or long standing swelling.

Sonogram is based upon using the sound waves which strikes on object and produces an image afterwards which is used for various medical purposes. Transducers are used to send sound waves to the objects and when echoing waves are regenerated, images are produced which are known as sonogram.

Transducers used in the procedure are pressed against the body part and rolled on the part. These transducers are moved in a very plausible way which makes it easier for the doctor to see what is going on inside the abdomen or any part that needs to be studied. When these equipments are pressed against the wall of skin, fluids and tissues inside the abdomen, their images are created. This helps in generating the sonogram which is used by doctors for medical purpose.

What are the Uses of Sonogram?

There are many uses of sonogram as perceived by the medical community which basically serves the diagnostic purpose. Sonogram or ultrasonography is also called as scanning and imaging which is basically a non-invasive procedure which helps in producing the images of the organs and to check the blood flow and the internal organs. The waves used in the technique are of high frequency which is meant to produce the images of internal organs. Initially, it was for prenatal cases that sonograms were used but with time, there are many other conditions as well which are gauged by the medical professionals through the sonograms.

Besides that, this procedure also gives several insights into the biopsy procedures and related issues. Heart issues are also dealt with and this is comparatively a safe technique as compared to other procedures because there are no incisions involved. The correct images of the organs are reproduced which helps in making things easier and to the right kind of information regarding an ailment.

Sonogram is also used for examining the abnormal structural growth in the body like in ovaries, thyroid, uterus, spleen and gall bladder. Enlargement of liver, spleen or other abdominal organs, swelling of testes or problems of other male reproductive organs, female reproductive organs, lump in the breast, etc. can be analyzed using sonograms. This procedure also helps to look into the blood flow and detect gall stones, kidney stones as well. Sonogram is also used to see the effects of swelling in any part and detect its causes.

Being non-invasive, sonography always remains highly recommended by the doctors which helps in making diagnosis of certain illnesses easier.

Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA
Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA
Written, Edited or Reviewed By: Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA Pain Assist Inc. This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimer
Last Modified On:January 23, 2018

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