Adenocarcinoma of the Esophagus: Causes, Stages and Can it be Cured?

Common disorders of the esophagus can be managed well. However, certain problems may be more troublesome. This article discusses the causes of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus, its stages and if it can be cured.

What Causes Adenocarcinoma of the Esophagus?

The esophagus is the hollow tube that runs from the throat to the stomach. It is also known as the food pipe that allows the food to run from the mouth into the stomach cavity. It contains different layers and linings in its sides. Adenocarcinoma of the esophagus is a form of cancer that affects the cells of the esophagus wall. The incidence of Adenocarcinoma of the esophagus has risen rapidly over the past years in the United States and also Western European countries, the increase has been dramatic in white men.1

While it is not clear about what causes adenocarcinoma of the esophagus, there are certain factors that may increase the risk of contribute to its occurrence.

Here are some probable risk factors that can cause adenocarcinoma of the esophagus:

  • Obesity: Obesity is one of the common causes of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus. It is found that obese people are at higher risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma. It is possible that the accumulation of too much fat in the food pipe can contribute to this problem.
  • Higher Consumption of Alcohol as a Cause of Adenocarcinoma of the Esophagus: Consumption of too much alcohol is also one of the factors that can cause adenocarcinoma of the esophagus as it can affect the wide walls of the esophagus. It commonly leads to cancer of the esophagus.
  • Smoking Causing the Highest Risk for Adenocarcinoma of the Esophagus: This is yet again a reason that not just opens the chances of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus but can also lead to lung and throat cancer.
  • Drinking Hot Liquids: Drinking hot liquids can damage the esophageal wall and it can lead to other complications as well. Hence, it is necessary to avoid taking too much hot drinks. In fact, it can damage several other parts of the digestive system as well.
  • Faulty Diet as a Cause of Adenocarcinoma of the Esophagus: Faulty dietary habits, consumptions of processed, refined food can be a problem too. It is essential that you must include a good amount of vegetables and fruits in your diets. This can help you get all enough minerals and vitamins that can boost your immunity system and can fight such problems. It can also help to fight weight problems and keep obesity at bay.
  • Genetic Causes for Adenocarcinoma of the Esophagus: Genetic mutation of cells can also be one of the causes of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus. It is noted that children whose parents have such history have greater risk of this condition. However, in most of the cases, no genetic link has been traced.

What are the Different Stages of Adenocarcinoma of the Esophagus?

The stages of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus are important to understand the severity of the condition and help plan appropriate treatment. The lower the stage, the lesser is the spread of the disease and vice versa. There are four stages from I to IV of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus.

There are different ways and processes through which the stages of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus can be determined.

  1. Pathological Stage: This is the surgical stage. Here if surgery is done then the stage is determined by checking the tissue that is removed from the body. This is the most common form of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus.
  2. Clinical Stage: If the surgery is not possible or is planned later, clinical staging is done. In this, the condition is determined through certain imaging tests and biopsy. This is also quite prevalent.
  3. Post neoadjuvant Stage: When surgery is done after other treatments, like radiotherapy or chemotherapy, the staging is done again after the surgery. This is called the post neoadjuvant stage.

Can Adenocarcinoma of the Esopagus be Cured?

A commonly asked question is, can adenocarcinoma of the esophagus be cured. Cure of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus can occur with different treatment procedures. Doctors can combine treatment process of radiation and chemotherapy for the treatment after surgery. Although there are many survivors of this ailment, yet there is always a risk of the disease spreading in other parts of the body.

Conclusion

Early detection can increase the chances of positive outcome in case of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus. In most of the cases, patients need to undergo a long treatment procedure. It is good to have support of family and friends to promote better emotional wellbeing and faster recovery. It provides psychological support to fight against the clinical and emotional battle. Knowing the causes of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus, its stages and that it can be cured if detected in time can help you protect yourself. It can help you to fight the disease and also prevent it from returning in the future.

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