Life Expectancy Of Someone With Patent Ductus Arteriosus & Is It A Disability?

Simple patent ductus arteriosus with increased pulmonary artery pressure usually had an estimated life expectancy of 25 years.1

Medical studies demonstrate that the prognosis of this condition is excellent if the patient suffered only patent ductus arteriosus.2

Patent ductus arteriosus is a congenital heart defect and if your child suffers from this problem, they may be eligible for social security benefits.3,4

Life Expectancy Of Someone With Ductus Arteriosus

Patent ductus arteriosus is the third most common congenital cardiovascular problem associated with nearly 10 percent of heart anomalies. They are typically diagnosed early in life generally in infants and treated using medications or appropriate surgery. However, there are certain cases of patent ductus arteriosus noticed in the elderly and in the adulthood stages.

There is clinical evidence to show an elderly woman aged 72-years were treated successfully for a patent ductus arteriosus and apparently, she was the oldest patient in the clinical representation of adult ductus. The life expectancy of the non-complicated simple ductus is often based on elevated pulmonary artery pressure. Although there are no proven theories to show the actual life expectancy however most patients undergo surgery once the diagnosis confirms the presence of ductus arteriosus.1

Premature deaths (14%) have been noticed in infants who experienced bacterial endocarditis however a very minimal percentage (0.3%) of operative mortality were identified. But in the most complicated hypertensive ductus, the pulmonary arterial systolic pressure was higher than seventy-five percent of the pressure of the other major blood vessels. The average life expectancy in these cases was in the twenties.

These patients experienced greater risk (18%) with surgical intervention however the risks were 100% when pulmonary arterial systolic pressure exceeded the aortic systolic pressure. The survival rates in these patients are very low, even if they survive there are high probabilities of having vascular cripples post-surgery.

But the prognosis was found to be impressive in patients who experience problems only with patent ductus arteriosus. These patients had no later complications or heart failure after the patent ductus arteriosus closure.2

Is Patent Ductus Arteriosus A Disability?

Patent ductus arteriosus is a congenital heart defect that either exists as an isolated lesion or is a substantial part of congenital heart conditions.

An individual suffering from congenital cardiovascular problems that leads to cyanosis or other bacterial infections that severely impacts their day-to-day life and ability to work are eligible to avail disability benefits.

However, you need to make sure with the Social Security Administration if you qualify under the eligibility requirements. Not all congenital heart conditions are qualified for the benefits instead only symptomatic congenital conditions do qualify. To have more visibility you can read “article on SSI for children with heart defects”.3, 4

The natural history of a hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus is often related to congestive cardiovascular problems that include progressive pulmonary artery tension and cardiac failure. The Medical studies were conducted to determine the life expectancy of patent ductus arteriosus and several studies showed the average age of death was reported to be less than 40 years.

Half of the general population showed a similar prognosis. The prognosis of untreated patent ductus arteriosus depends on the amount of left to right shunting. This is often dependent on the size of the ductus and the difference in resistance between the sides of the heart. The common problems include heart infections, cardiovascular failure, rhythm disturbance, and Eisenmenger syndrome.

References:

  1. “What Is the Prognosis of Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)?” Latest Medical News, Clinical Trials, Guidelines – Today on Medscape, 23 Mar. 2020, www.medscape.com/answers/891096-69143/what-is-the-prognosis-of-patent-ductus-arteriosus-pda
  2. Actis Dato GM;Cavaglià M;Aidala E;Actis Dato A;Bardi GL;Rizza ML;Punta G;Trichiolo S; “Patent Ductus Arteriosus. Follow-up of 677 Operated Cases 40 Years Later.” Minerva Cardioangiologica, U.S. National Library of Medicine, https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10582435/
  3. “Patent Ductus Arteriosus.” Patent Ductus Arteriosus – an Overview | ScienceDirect Topics, www.sciencedirect.com/topics/nursing-and-health-professions/patent-ductus-arteriosus
  4. Melissa Linebaugh, Contributing Author. “Congenital Heart Disease: When Are Disability Benefits Available?” Www.disabilitysecrets.com, Nolo, 16 July 2018, www.disabilitysecrets.com/resources/social-security-disability-coverage/congenital-heart-disease.htm

Also Read: