Mitral valve disease affects the mitral valve of the heart– the valve present between the left atrium and the left ventricle of the heart. As a result, enough blood is not supplied to different parts of the body and one may suffer from symptoms like severe fatigue and shortness of breath.
What Are The Symptoms Of Mitral Valve Disease?
The symptoms of the mitral valve disease rather depend upon the exact problem of the valve. In some cases that are mild to moderate, there may be no symptoms at all, whereas in severe cases or cases that do produce symptoms, one or many of the following symptoms can be seen-
Symptoms of mitral valve regurgitation–
If you do not have a severe condition, you may not experience any signs or symptoms for years. The symptoms generally depend upon the severity of the condition and how rapidly it develops and progresses. They may include the following-
- When heard through a stethoscope, there might be an abnormal sound heard, that is called as a heart murmur
- There may be dyspnea which is shortness of breath, which can be particularly evident after a lot of activity or when you are lying down
- There may be excessive tiredness or fatigue
- There may be a sensation of a rapid or a fluttering heartbeat, also known as heart palpitations
- Your feet, ankles and in severe cases the legs may appear swollen
- Mitral valve regurgitation is a condition that is generally mild and progresses very slowly
- You may have this condition for many years and yet not know it yourself, as you may not be symptomatic
- The doctor may find out you have this problem just on a routine examination when he hears an abnormal heart murmur
- In some cases, though, the condition may develop too quickly, and you may start experiencing sudden, severe symptoms
Symptoms of mitral valve stenosis–
- Mitral valve stenosis may not exhibit any symptoms for years
- You may feel perfectly fine even while you may be having this condition
- Mitral valve stenosis also progresses rather slowly over time
However, the symptoms may include one or many of the following-
- There may be a shortness of breath, especially after an activity or while lying down
- There may be a swelling on feet, ankles or legs
- There may be a sensation of fluttering or rapid heartbeats, also known as palpitations
- There may be fainting, or dizziness experienced by some
- There may be a chest pain or chest discomfort
- Some may experience coughing up of blood
The symptoms of mitral valve stenosis may appear or worsen at those times when your heart beat increases, like during an exercise. These symptoms may also be triggered by other conditions like stress, pregnancy or an infection
In mitral valve stenosis, pressure builds up in the heart and it is then sent back to the lungs, which then results in a fluid build-up and shortness of breath
Symptoms of mitral valve stenosis can occur at any age, even during the childhood
Some signs that a doctor may find out during an examination, which might be suggestive of mitral valve stenosis are-
- Heart murmur on auscultation with a stethoscope
- Lungs sounding of a fluid build-up
- Arrhythmias or irregular heart beats
Complications Of Mitral Valve Disease
Mitral valve disease may lead to many complications, some of which are listed below-
- A heart failure or cardiac failure
- Blood clots
- Atrial fibrillation- which means that the upper heart chambers suffer from an irregular heart rhythm
- Pulmonary hypertension- which means that the blood vessels in the lungs are affected by a high blood pressure
Mitral valve disease is a condition that affects the pumping of blood to different parts of body, which can cause symptoms like shortness of breath and severe fatigue among others. A timely medical intervention can improve the symptoms and functioning of the heart.
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