Bronchial Congestion: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, How Long Does it Last?

What is Bronchial Congestion?

Bronchial Congestion is a condition where there is accumulation of mucus in the bronchial tubes in the chest due to inflammation in the bronchial passages.

What are the Causes of Bronchial Congestion?

What are the Causes of Bronchial Congestion?

Common causes of bronchial congestion include:

Infections: It can include both bacterial and viral infections, which causes bronchial tubes inflammation resulting in acute bronchitis and causes blockage in the bronchial passages or bronchial congestion.

Pollution: Pollution can cause acute bronchitis, which in turn causes bronchial congestion.

Common Cold/Flu: Nothing but viral infection of the respiratory tract that causes increased mucus production leading to bronchial tubes congestion.

Allergies: Different allergies, especially dust allergy, which directly impacts the respiratory system causes bronchial congestion.

Asthma: Respiratory diseases, such as asthma comprise of excessive mucus production and causes bronchial congestion.

Cigarette Smoke: Smoking irritates the bronchial tubes and causes inflammation and bronchial congestion.

Toxic Dust Exposure: Individuals employed in certain industries face exposure to harmful fumes and dust that interrupts with the smooth air flow to the lungs resulting in bronchial congestion.

What are the Symptoms of Bronchial Congestion?

Common symptoms of bronchial congestion include:

Cough: Coughing is the commonest and most acute symptom of bronchial congestion.

Difficulty in Breathing: Breathing difficulties is another common symptom of bronchial congestion due to blockage of mucus in the bronchial tubes.

Chest Pain: Another important symptom of bronchial congestion is chest pain where the patient experiences pain or wheezing in the chest as a result of bronchial congestion.

Nasal Discharge: Patient also experiences symptoms, such as thick or thin mucus discharge from the nose.

Excessive Sputum Production: There is an increase in the sputum production due to bronchial congestion.

What is the Medical Treatment for Bronchial Congestion?

Supportive Treatment for Bronchial Congestion: Treatment of bronchial congestion depends on its underlying cause. If the cause of bronchial congestion is viral infection, then no specific medical treatment is needed and patient gets better with supportive treatment like increased fluid intake, bed rest, steam inhalation and oxygen administration as necessary.

Antibiotics for Treating Bronchial Congestion: Antibiotics are prescribed to treat bronchial congestion caused by bacterial infections.

Expectorants Medicines to Treat Bronchial Congestion: Expectorant medicines are prescribed to discharge the mucus accumulated in bronchial congestion.

Cough Suppressants: Cough suppressants can be used to alleviate the coughing caused by bronchial congestion.

Treatment of Bronchial Congestion with Inhalers: The doctor can prescribe inhalers if the patient suffers from COPD and asthma to treat the resultant bronchial congestion.

Corticosteroids: For severe or chronic cases of bronchial congestion, corticosteroids are prescribed for treatment

How Long Does It Take To Recover From Bronchial Congestion?

Most of the times, with the right treatment bronchial congestion clears in 2 days to a week. However, people suffering from chronic bronchial congestion or recurrent bronchial congestion take a longer time to recover from it.

Also Read:

Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA
Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA
Written, Edited or Reviewed By: Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA Pain Assist Inc. This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimer
Last Modified On:March 19, 2018

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