Polyphenols play a crucial role in maintaining health and wellness and polyphenols in fruits and plants have their own benefits. Polyphenols are a form of antioxidants and its main benefit is protection of the cells in human body from free radical damage. Polyphenols are also known as polyhydroxyphenols. Polyphenols are phytochemicals or compounds having antioxidant properties. These are found plentifully in natural food sources, fruits and plants. There are more than 8,000 identified polyphenols found in natural food sources and food products such as red wine, tea, cocoa, chocolates, fruits, olives, olive oil and vegetables. The awareness regarding polyphenol benefits are increasing; particularly the benefits of polyphenols in fruits and plants on human health.
The topmost benefit of polyphenol on human health is the abundance of antioxidants, which help to control cell damage and inflammation in the body. Controlling and slowing down the rate of ageing is another popular benefit of polyphenol. Human body needs protection from free radicals to prevent tissue degradation and cell division. Damage to cells and tissues can increase the risk of serious diseases like cancer, diabetes, heart diseases and Alzheimer's disease. Providing protection from serious ailments is one of the major benefits of polyphenols in fruits and plants.
Antioxidants, which are the key benefit of polyphenols in fruits and plants can be found as carotenoids, allyl sulphides or polyphenols. These make polyphenols more beneficial and benefits of polyphenols in fruits and plants are worth going for. Polyphenols are found as flavonoids, stilbenes, lignans and phenolic acids.
How Polyphenols in Fruits and Plants Benefits Human Health?
Polyphenol is a generic term for numerous and thousand plant-based molecules having antioxidant properties. The health benefits of antioxidants are no more a secret and many people are moving towards understanding polyphenol benefits. Polyphenols are also beneficial in regulating our body’s enzyme function and stimulating the cell receptors. Benefits of Polyphenol on human health have been appreciated in Chinese and Indian medicine too. This explains that the benefits of polyphenols in fruits and plants must be outstanding. The importance of polyphenols in plants, fruits and veggies are plenty such as they have anti-inflammatory properties to support liver functioning and promoting normal circulation. The polyphenol benefits are just few examples and not to forget the benefits of polyphenols in fruits and plants.
Some of the Benefits of Polyphenols in Fruits and Plants on Human Health include:
Polyphenols Help Improve Brain Health
One of the major polyphenol benefit is improving human brain health. Incorporating polyphenols and antioxidants in regular diet can improve the cognitive function by boosting memory. Polyphenol also helps to fight the onset of early dementia, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease by improving the psychological and neurological health. Boosting brain power can be achieved by taking a diet loaded with benefits of polyphenols in fruits and plants.
Polyphenols are Beneficial in Preventing Cancer
Cancer is on the rise and people are in search of something healthy in the diet that can help to fight cell growth. Polyphenols fight and protect against the carcinogens the cancer causing substances that are present in food and environment. There are hardly any substances like polyphenols in fruit and plant that offer so many benefits to human health, particularly protection from cancer.
Benefits of Polyphenol in Regulating Blood Sugar
Polyphenols are beneficial in maintaining blood sugar levels and improving human health. It can help in management of Type-2 Diabetes along with appropriate medications. As complications of diabetes can severely affect a person’s life, including a diet rich in polyphenols can help to prevent diabetes complications. Flavonoids are the type of polyphenols that balance the blood sugar levels in body by regulating glucose metabolism and improving insulin sensitivity. Flavonoids are usually found in tea and cocoa.
Benefits of Polyphenols in Maintaining Blood Pressure
Complications of uncontrolled blood pressure is detrimental to human health. Polyphenols help keep blood pressure under control. Flavonoids such as catechins, phenolic acids, anthocyanins prove beneficial by checking the physiological mechanisms that cause hypertension or high blood pressure.
Skin Protection Benefits of Polyphenol
A welcome benefit of Polyphenols is the protection of skin from UV damage and harmful chemicals. Resveratrol, a beneficial polyphenol compound in red wine has polyphenolic properties which protects and nourishes the skin.
Cardiovascular Health Benefits of Polyphenol in Plants and Fruits
Polyphenols in cocoa are known to reduce cardiovascular stress by lowering LDL (bad cholesterol). It also helps to improve vasodilation of the blood vessels to promote healthy blood circulation. Dark chocolates are rich in pure cocoa hence have rich amount of polyphenols. So, relishing dark chocolates is not only rejoicing but is also beneficial on human health.
Polyphenols Can Help Manage Alzheimer’s Disease
Alzheimer’s disease is a severe form of dementia that affects one’s memory and cognitive functions with aging. This condition can be managed by adding polyphenols to regular diet. Polyphenols, the antioxidants are highly beneficial for improving brain memory functioning.
Polyphenols Enhances Immune System
The antimicrobial activity of polyphenols and antioxidants improve and strengthen one’s immunity. Polyphenols help boost your immune system and protects against infections. Polyphenols found in berries and cocoa are known to improve immune system in humans. General human health depend a lot of immunity, so incorporate a diet rich in fruits and plants and avail the health benefits of polyphenols in them.
Osteoporosis is a condition, in which the bone density is reduced, making bone more fragile and they break easily. It is common in older women, again related to aging. Polyphenols are beneficial for bone as the antioxidants act on bone metabolism significantly, reduce the risk of osteoporosis and help to improve bone health.
Increasing Lifespan – Polyphenol Benefit
As benefits of polyphenols mainly revolve around their action against aging, preventing ageing problems and improving lifespan can be possible. According to U.S. National Institute of Ageing, polyphenol compounds such as anthocyanins, catechins and phenolic acids are great for slowing the ageing process by increasing the lifespan. Researchers have found that polyphenols can reduce mortality rate by 30% by boosting the life longevity. Benefits of polyphenols in fruits and plants may be worth considering to live a healthier life.