According to researchers, a parasite that transmits sexually becomes more dangerous when a virus affects the same. Trichomoniasis, the sexually transmitted disease, occurs due to the sexually transmitted parasite known as Trichomonas vaginalis. Rather than invading the cells of the human being, the parasite that causes trichomoniasis feeds on the surface. When compared with other sexually transmitted bacterial diseases, trichomoniasis is common with over 250 million individuals suffering from the infection across the globe. Individuals suffering from the disease have a high rate of acquiring sexually transmitted diseases such as AIDS and HPV.
Where Does The Parasite That Causes Trichomoniasis Come From?
According to research carried out by doctors, the parasites have an infection due to a virus, simply called a trichomonavirus. The study showed that it is not possible for the virus to spread by moving from one cell to another. It only spreads when it makes contact with the host during mating. A further study stated that the presence of the virus had no effect on the parasite, and given the widespread nature of the parasite, researchers suspect that the presence of the virus is benefiting the parasite differently. To read more about how the germ is affecting the parasite, researchers tested both the virus-free version and the virus-infected version of the parasite in the laboratory.
The only way to treat trichomoniasis is by using antibiotic known as metronidazole. However, during research, researchers found out that the dying or the injured parasite that caused the infection released the viruses present in it that caused inflammation in human cells. Although the virus does not affect the human cells, it possesses the capability to aggravate the effects caused by the parasite. It thus explains why metronidazole may not be the preferred medication to cure trichomoniasis.
Increasing the Vulnerability
The inflammation caused by the release of the virus from the parasite explains why there is an increase in the vulnerability of acquiring other sexually transmitted diseases. According to researchers, the virus is capable of destroying the barriers that are helpful in keeping with other infections at bay. At the same moment, scientists are not sure whether the virus is helping the parasite differently. For instance, the virus can enhance the growth of the proteins on parasite’s surface, which makes it more acceptable for the host.
Scientists are exploring further studies related to the life cycle of the parasite and the structure of the virus. Suggested it will be helpful in developing medicines that kill both the virus and the parasite. Attacking the virus is essential to treat trichomoniasis safely. Until then, use of antibiotic medicine is the only cure to keep away the parasite from spreading to others.
How Does the Parasite Affect Individuals?
Trichomona, the parasite that causes trichomoniasis causes an infection in the vaginal region. The parasite moves from one body to another during mating. It is difficult for an individual to tell about the presence of the parasite because the condition does not expose any signs or symptoms that help one know about the health. The only symptoms that the affected person experiences are itchiness, swelling of the glands, and a release of fluids that is yellow, green, or clear in color with bad smell, and abdominal pain during intercourse.
Treating trichomoniasis involves the use of antibiotic known as metronidazole. It takes about a week to kill the parasite. During this period, it is necessary for the individual to keep away from sexual activity. It is also preferable to provide the treatment to the partner involved in the act.
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