Pain in the hip can occur due to various reasons. The hip joint carries a large amount of our body weight. It is the largest ball-and-socket joint in our body and helps in movement of our lower limbs such as leg extension, flexion, internal and external rotation. Over the years, there occurs a lot of wear and tear in the hip joint. Also, the hip joint can be dislocated or fractured due to accidents or injuries. There are many causes for hip pain. Some are medical conditions, such as arthritis or inflammation like bursitis and accidents resulting in a fracture. In our HIP PAIN INFORMATION CENTER we have covered in detail about the anatomy, function of our hip joint, different medical conditions resulting in hip pain along with other associated symptoms and treatment. We have also done an entire section on different treatment modalities for hip pain, such as types of medications used, interventional pain therapy, physical therapy, surgery etc. just to name a few. We also have a Q and A section regarding hip joint pain and its causes. We are sure you will find lots of useful information here, which you have been looking for in other websites. Below we have given a brief summary on some of the topics covered in our section, but to know in more detail and for more topics, please refer to the left side menu and read on under our HIP PAIN INFORMATION CENTER.
One of the reasons for hip pain is hip joint dislocation, which can occur due to a traumatic injury to the hip joint or accidents involving the hip joint. Hip dislocation often occurs after total hip joint replacement surgery and motor vehicle accidents. Hip dislocation is a condition where the head of the femur completely separates from the acetabulum. Causes include motor vehicle accidents, accidents at work place, falls and traumatic blows to the hip. Symptoms of hip joint dislocation are pain, numbness, tingling, loss of movement in the hip joint, weakness in the muscle. Treatment comprises of pain killers to relieve pain and surgical approaches like close reduction. Patient should take lots of rest, follow a good diet. For pain relief, NSAIDs, opioids, antidepressant analgesics, antiepileptic analgesics are given. Patient should also join a rehab program after complete healing is achieved.
Hip pain also may occur due to septic arthritis in the hip joint. Septic arthritis can be viral, bacterial or fungal. Symptoms include: Hip pain, appetite loss, weakness, tiredness, warmth, swelling, redness, fever and restricted movements. Treatment includes NSAIDs, opioids, antidepressant analgesics, antiepileptic analgesics for pain. Surgical procedures include:
- Joint Aspiration and Injection of Antibiotics
- Joint debridement
- Hip Joint Replacement
- Partial Hip Joint Replacement
- Hip Resurfacing
Fracture is a break in the bone; and fracture of the hip bone can result in extreme pain. It could be a complete or partial separation of the bone with or without loss of blood supply. Causes include accidents, falling and landing on the hip, traumatic injuries etc. Symptoms are pain, numbness and difficulty in walking, weakness in the affected limb, bruising, swelling and deformity of the leg. Treatment comprises of painkillers, such as NSAIDs and opioids for pain relief and of course surgery. There are many types and classifications of hip fracture. To know more, please refer to the left side menu under our HIP PAIN INFORMATION CENTER.
Hip pain can occur due to bursitis or tendonitis of the hip. Inflammation of the bursa is known as bursitis; and causes for hip bursitis include trauma, infection and inflammation. Symptoms include pain, limited movements of the hip and extreme pain upon movement. Treatment comprises of rest, pain medications, ice/heat therapy, antibiotics and physical therapy.
Tendinitis is a medical condition where there is inflammation of the ligaments and tendon. Symptoms include pain with activities and limping. Treatment comprises of pain medications, rest, ice/heat therapy, antibiotics, physical therapy and surgery in severe cases.
Also known as Calve-Perthes disease, Perthes Disease, Osteonecrosis and Coxa Plana of the femoral head. It is a childhood disease affecting the head of the femur, causing insufficient blood supply to the epiphysis. This results in bone weakness due to which it becomes fragile, breaks easily and perishes. Cause is lack of blood supply to the femoral head. Symptoms are pain, stiffness, changes in gait, decrease in hip range of motion, leg length discrepancy and atrophy of the affected leg. Treatment is done by having rest, exercises, PT, traction, casting and surgery.
There are many hip conditions which can cause hip pain, such as bursitis, tendinitis, septic arthritis, inflammatory arthritis, fracture, subluxation, labral fracture and avascular necrosis. In this section we have discussed about various treatment options in different medical conditions causing hip pain. Common associated symptoms of hip pain are chronic pain, muscle spasm, stiffness in the joint, instability abnormal gait and limping. Some of the causes of hip joint pain and conditions are inflammatory diseases (bursitis, osteoarthritis), hip joint infection (septic bursitis/arthritis), traumatic injuries (fracture, dislocation) and ischemic conditions (avascular necrosis).
Treatment Choices For Hip Pain Are:
- Anti-inflammatories (aspirin, naproxen).
- Opioids (morphine, oxycodone).
- Antidepressant analgesics (Cymbalta).
- Antiepileptic analgesics (Lyrica).
- Interventional pain management (cortisone injection, nerve ablation).
- Physical therapy.
- Surgery (hip joint arthroscopy, total joint replacement).
To read in extensive detail about the various treatment options in hip conditions and hip pain, please browse through our HIP PAIN INFORMATION CENTER on the left side menu.
In this section, we have explained about the hip joint and how it functions and the different reasons which could result in hip pain. There are many functions of hip joint, such as supporting our body weight, walking, and leg movements such as extension, flexion, internal and external rotation. Some of the causes of hip joint diseases are:
- Inflammatory Joint Disease (osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis).
- Infection of the Hip Joint or Acetabulo-Femoral Joint (septic arthritis).
- Hip Joint/Acetabulo-Femoral Joint Injury (hip dislocation and fracture).
- Hip Joint or Acetabulo-Femoral Joint Diseases (osteoporosis, avascular necrosis).
- Inflammation of Soft Tissue Surrounding the Joint (bursitis).
To know more about the function of our hip joint and different medical conditions affecting it, please click on the left side menu on our HIP PAIN INFORMATION CENTER.
Other Hip Diseases & Conditions Which are Covered in This Section:
- Hip Joint Osteoarthritis
- Hip Joint Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Q and A: Hip Joint Pain Treatment Approach and Options
- Hip Joint Psoriatic Arthritis
- Hip Pain caused by Hip Joint Dislocation
- Hip Pain Due To Hip Fracture
- Hip Pain: Understanding Hip Joint.. Causes of Hip Pain
- Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease or Coxa Plana