About Hip Dysplasia
Hip Dysplasia is a pathological condition seen mostly in infants and newborns where the hip socket of the ball and socket joint of the hip does not get completely fit into the ball portion of the joint.1 This causes the hip joint to frequently dislocate. In majority of the cases, Hip Dysplasia is a condition with which a child is born even though there are cases where a child may develop this condition later on in life.
If a child frequently dislocates the hip then a physician review is recommended as this might be a classic case of Hip Dysplasia. If this condition is diagnosed in early infancy then it might be treated successfully with just a back brace; however, if left untreated the condition may progress and the child may need to have surgical procedure in the form of periacetabular osteotomy to correct Hip Dysplasia.
Mild cases of Hip Dysplasia may not cause any problem for the infant other than frequent episodes of hip dislocation; however, if a child develops Hip Dysplasia later on in life then it may result in certain painful manifestations like osteoporosis or labral tears. This article highlights as to the time required to recover from Hip Dysplasia.
Is Hip Dysplasia Hereditary?
Coming to the question of whether Hip Dysplasia is hereditary, there have been cases where multiple members of a family have had Hip Dysplasia.2 Studies also suggest that there is a pattern of inheritance when it comes to Hip Dysplasia in family members.
Studies have pointed out a defect in BRCA gene may increase the risk of Hip Dysplasia. This gene is also associated with cases of breast, ovarian, and colon cancer.
There have been also cases of Hip Dysplasia where none of the family members have had this condition. In such cases, certain factors like choice of food, exposure to sunlight, smoking during pregnancy, being exposed to certain chemicals during pregnancy may increase the risk of a child being born with Hip Dysplasia.
Thus, it cannot be said for sure that Hip Dysplasia is hereditary, although there certainly is an increased risk of a child being born with this condition if a sibling was born with Hip Dysplasia.
In conclusion, there is no clinching evidence to prove that Hip Dysplasia is hereditary, although some studies point out a defect in the BRCA gene in increasing the risk of a child being born with this condition. There are also certain external factors which play a vital role in the development of Hip Dysplasia.
It is seen that Hip Dysplasia is common in first born children, children born with breech presentation, and children who are born in areas with cold climatic conditions.
Exposure to excessive sunlight and tobacco abuse during pregnancy also increases the risk of the baby being born with Hip Dysplasia.
Thus, it can be said that Hip Dysplasia is not hereditary but a combination of both genetic and external factors which causes a baby to have a condition at birth like Hip Dysplasia.