Shoulder Pain Information Center

Shoulder joint is one of the important and most complex joint in our body. Pain in the shoulder joint can be due to any injury/trauma or due to any medical condition of the shoulder joint. The structure of the shoulder joint is such that it helps in mobility of the arms and body more than stabilizing them. Due to its mobile nature, the shoulder joint is at a higher risk for injuries, which result in shoulder pain. There are other causes for shoulder pain also, such as medical conditions involving the shoulder joint, bones, muscles and soft tissues surrounding the shoulder joint. Any problems with the nerves supplying the shoulder joint region may also cause pain in the shoulder joint.

Shoulder Pain Information Center

We have covered all these aspects and more in our SHOULDER PAIN INFORMATION CENTER. You will find all the answers to all the questions which you have regarding shoulder pain. Given below is a summary of what you can find in our section. To read in more detail, please click on the left side menu on SHOULDER PAIN INFORMATION CENTER.

Causes of Shoulder Joint Pain

There are many causes for shoulder pain. Senior citizens and athletes more commonly tend to suffer from it. We have given below 8 important causes of shoulder pain:

  • Trauma To The Shoulder Joint
  • Arthritis of the Shoulder Joint
  • Shoulder Joint Sprain
  • Frozen Shoulder
  • Tendonitis
  • Bursitis
  • Rotator Cuff Impingement
  • Posterior Joint Capsule Contracture.

To read in detail about all these major causes of shoulder pain, please click on the topic "8 Causes of Shoulder Joint Pain" on the left side menu under SHOULDER PAIN INFORMATION CENTER.

Treatment for Shoulder Joint Pain

We have given lot of information on different modalities of treatment for shoulder pain such as:

Conservative Treatment for Shoulder Joint Pain in conditions such as tendonitis, shoulder joint sprain, shoulder joint arthritis, following close reduction and following surgery and it includes:

  • Rest
  • Cold Compression Therapy
  • Heat Compression Therapy
  • RICE Therapy

Medications which benefit shoulder pain are:

  • NSAIDs given in osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, tendonitis and bursitis.
  • Opioids
  • Antiepileptic analgesics
  • Antidepressant analgesics

Physical therapy (PT) helps in improving strength, flexibility and range of motion of the shoulder joint. PT is beneficial in Frozen Shoulder, Post Surgery, Shoulder Joint Tendonitis, Shoulder Joint Bursitis and Shoulder Joint Arthritis.

Interventional Therapy includes:

  • Corticosteroid Injection
  • Nerve Block
  • Cervical Epidural Injection

Surgery includes:

  • Shoulder Joint Arthroscopy
  • Close Shoulder Joint Reduction
  • Open Shoulder Joint Reduction
  • Tendon Repair
  • Rotator Cuff Repair
  • Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty

To read more about all these procedures and treatment methods, please refer to the left side menu under the topic "Treatment for Shoulder Joint Pain: Conservative, Medications, PT, Surgery," in our SHOULDER PAIN INFORMATION CENTER.

Diagnosis of Shoulder Joint Pain

Shoulder pain comes with many associated symptoms, such as weakness, swelling, redness, stiffness etc. To diagnose what is causing the shoulder pain, there are a wide array of investigations and physical exams such as:

  • X-Ray of Shoulder Joint
  • MRI of Shoulder Joint
  • CAT scan of Shoulder Joint
  • Ultrasound for Shoulder Joint
  • Electromyogram (EMG)
  • Arthrogram for Shoulder Joint
  • Arthroscopy of Shoulder Joint

To learn more about them, please refer to the left side menu under our "SHOULDER PAIN INFORMATION CENTER."

Shoulder Joint Anatomy

Shoulder joint is one of the biggest joint in the human body. It can get hurt or injured due to various reasons. Understanding the shoulder joint better and its associated Cartilages, Ligaments, Muscles, Tendons will help us in understanding the cause and nature of the pain and how to deal with the shoulder pain.

Shoulder Joint comprises of 2 other joints:

  • Glenohumeral Joint.
  • Acromioclavicular Joint.

Cartilages of Shoulder Joint include:

  • Articular Cartilage
  • The Shoulder Labrum

Ligaments help in joining the bones and keeping the bones in place. The different ligaments of Shoulder Joint are:

  • Coraco-humeral Ligament
  • Glenohumeral Ligament
  • Glenohumeral Ligament
  • Coraco-acromial Ligament (CAL)
  • Transverse Humeral Ligament (THL)

There are many muscles which support the shoulder joint and help with the joint movement. Given below are 7 muscles which support the shoulder joint:

  • Supraspinatus Muscle
  • Infraspinatus Muscle
  • Teres Minor Muscle
  • Subscapularis Muscle
  • Serratus anterior Muscle
  • Subclavius Muscle
  • Deltoid Muscle

For more information on shoulder joint and its Skeletal System, Cartilages, Ligaments, Muscles, Tendons, please read under our SHOULDER PAIN INFORMATION CENTER on the left side menu.

Q and A on Causes of Shoulder Pain

We have many questions as to what causes any kind of pain. In this section we have answered many questions regarding shoulder joint pain such as:

  • What is Shoulder Joint Tendinitis?
  • What Is Shoulder Joint Bursitis?
  • What Is Shoulder Joint Arthritis?
  • What Is Rotator Cuff Tear or Injury?
  • What Is Frozen Shoulder Pain?
  • What Is Shoulder Joint Instability?
  • What is Calcific Tendinitis?
  • What Is Shoulder Joint Tear?
  • What is Glenoid Labrum Tear?
  • What Is Shoulder Joint Impingement Syndrome?
  • What Is Shoulder Joint Dislocation?
  • What Is Shoulder Joint Fracture?
  • What Is Referred Shoulder Joint Pain?
  • What Is The Risk Of Shoulder Joint Injury?

These are some of the questions which we have answered in our section. Please do read it to know more about these conditions, causes, symptoms and treatment under our SHOULDER PAIN INFORMATION CENTER.

Shoulder Joint

In this section you can read in detail about:

  • Skeletal Structure of Shoulder Joint.
  • The number of bones Included in the Shoulder Joint (clavicle, scapula, humerus).
  • Function of the Shoulder Joint (flexion, extension, lateral rotation, medial rotation, abduction, adduction, circular rotation, scapular elevation, scapular depression).
  • About Ball and Socket Joint.
  • Soft Tissue and ligaments supporting the shoulder joint (coracoacromion ligaments, glenohumeral ligaments (GHL), coraco-clavicular ligament, transverse humeral ligament)
  • Tendons which support the shoulder joint are: Supraspinatus tendon, subscapularis tendon, infraspinous tendon, teres minor tendon and long head of bicep.

Adhesive Capsulitis

Adhesive capsulitis is also known as frozen shoulder syndrome. Symptoms include: Inflammation, scarring and contracture of the connective tissue surrounding the shoulder joint. This causes a lot of shoulder pain and loss of shoulder range of motion. The causes of adhesive capsulitis include: Injury to the shoulder, overuse of the shoulder, bad posture, diabetes, hyperthyroidism, cervical disc disease and auto-immune disease. There are 2 types of adhesive capsulitis: Primary Adhesive Capsulitis and Secondary Adhesive Capsulitis. Symptoms of adhesive capsulitis are: worsening pain during movements, stiffness in the shoulder, neck, upper back and arm and muscle wasting. Treatment comprises of rest, NSAIDS, corticosteroid injections, shoulder manipulations and very rarely surgery.

The above information is only a glimpse of what we have in our SHOULDER PAIN INFORMATION CENTER. You can read more by clicking on the left side menu.

We are sure you will find the information which we have presented to you useful. Please "like" and follow our website on Twitter and Facebook and do recommend us to your friends, family and colleagues.

Other Shoulder Pain Topics Which are Covered in This Section:

Written, Edited or Reviewed By:


Last Modified On: May 10, 2016

Pain Assist Inc.

Pramod Kerkar
  Note: Information provided is not a substitute for physician, hospital or any form of medical care. Examination and Investigation is necessary for correct diagnosis.

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