Although myofascial pain syndrome cannot be completely cured, the symptoms can be managed through proper treatment.
Does Myofascial Pain Syndrome Ever Go Away?
Myofascial pain syndrome is a chronic condition characterized by pain, muscle stiffness, and fatigue. The treatment is generally focused on identifying the trigger points.1 The trigger points are the knots present on the muscle fibers which can be visible from outside. The trigger point may lead to pain in an unrelated organ of the body and the pain is known as referred pain. It is a chronic condition, which, in the absence of treatment, gets worse. Although the condition cannot be completely cured the symptoms of the syndrome can be effectively managed with the help of various treatment techniques. As the quality of life of the patients is drastically affected as the patient may not able to perform routine tasks in severe cases, the aim of the treatment is to improve the quality of life.
The contributing factors that trigger the pain are comprehensively evaluated and the patient is provided with proper treatment and advice to avoid such triggers. Many a time, a combination of various treatment options helps the patient to get rid of pain and discomfort. However, proper exercise remains an important part of almost all the treatment strategies. In some cases, the condition of patients takes such a dramatic shift to get him to relieve from severe pain that it seems that the condition has been cured. For managing the symptoms of the condition, a holistic approach is required. With the advancement in the medical science and the continuity of a number of clinical trials, the cure for myofascial pain syndrome is not too far, but as of now, there is no immediate or instantaneous treatment for the condition.
Treatment Of Myofascial Pain
Myofascial pain syndrome is the condition in which the compression of the trigger point leads to pain in the muscular system. It is to be noted that the pain may occur either locally or to a distant organ. Following are the treatment options available for myofascial pain syndrome:
Medications. Patient suffering from this condition experiences moderate to severe pain. For alleviating the pain, anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs such as ibuprofen are administered to the patient. Further, the patient is under tremendous stress and depression due to the chronic condition. Also, the patient suffers from insomnia due to pain. Antidepressants, which may sometimes reduce pain and sedatives, are used to manage the symptoms.
Physical Therapy. Customized physical therapy helps reduce the symptoms of pain in the muscles. Various therapies involved are heat, ultrasound, posture training and stretching. A hot pack or hot shower helps in reliving the muscular tension leading to a reduction in pain. Ultrasound therapy increases the blood supply and helps in helping the damaged muscles; stretching and posture training helps flexibility in the muscles that helps alleviating the pain and stiffness and would prevent their recurrence.
Trigger Point Injection. The trigger point injection is done through two different processes. One process includes the administration of the anesthetic agent at the trigger point to numb the muscles while in some cases, the dry needle injection to the trigger point relieves the pain just as it is done in acupuncture.
Myers Cocktail Infusion. In this method of treatment, various nutrients are injected in the body in the bonus form to reduce the pain and stiffness of muscles.
Trigger Point Therapy. In this therapy, the trigger points are identified and are rubbed and pressed through massaging.
Feldenkrais Method. This method is a unique method. In this method, the patient is trained to move in a particular sequence with minimum effort and strain.
The myofascial syndrome is a chronic painful condition of the muscles. The condition cannot be permanently treated but various treatment options such as NSAIDs, Physiotherapy, massage, and trigger point injection effectively alleviates the symptoms.
- Myofascial Pain Syndrome or Chronic Myofascial Pain: Types, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Prognosis, Pathophysiology