Teeth lose their pearly white luster as we age and also because of various food, drinks, and even mouthwashes.
Sometimes teeth look yellow because the hard enamel of the teeth has eroded away, showing off the dentin, which is naturally yellow in color.
The discoloration of teeth can be treated with regular cleaning and whitening remedies.
Various products are available to whiten teeth but may contain bleach, which can harm the body. There are few easy remedies that can help give back the teeth their natural color.
6 Easy Ways To Whiten Teeth
Oil pulling is a traditional remedy to improve oral health and remove toxins from the body.
The procedure involves swishing oil around the mouth. This removes bacteria which can turn into plaque and give teeth a yellow appearance.
Any oil can work for oil pulling but mostly sunflower and sesame oil are used.
Also, coconut oil is a popular choice because of its pleasant taste and health benefits.
For oil pulling, put one tablespoon of oil in the mouth and squish it in the mouth by pushing and pulling it from in between the teeth.
Coconut oil pulling can be used daily, and like other oil pulling ingredients do not erode the enamel.
Baking soda has whitening properties and is, therefore, a popular ingredient in most commercial toothpaste. It helps scrub away the surface stains on the teeth.
It also prevents bacterial growth by creating an alkaline environment in the mouth (3).
It helps whiten the teeth gradually. A study also shows that toothpaste containing baking significantly removes yellow stains from the teeth than the standard toothpaste without baking soda. Higher the concentration of baking soda greater is the whitening effect.
You can mix one teaspoon of baking soda with 2 teaspoons of water and brush teeth with the paste. The effect is visible if done regularly for a few weeks.
Hydrogen peroxide is a natural bleaching agent that helps kill the bacteria in the mouth (4).
It has been in used for long to disinfect wounds, because of its ability to kill bacteria.
Though there are not any studies supporting the whitening effect of hydrogen peroxide on teeth, one study shows that toothpaste containing baking soda and 1% hydrogen peroxide has a significantly more whitening effect (5).
Hydrogen peroxide should be diluted and used as strong concentrations can lead to gum irritation and tooth sensitivity (6).
It can be used as a mouthwash before brushing. It can also be mixed with baking soda to make toothpaste. Mix 2 teaspoon of hydrogen peroxide with 1 teaspoon of baking soda and brush your teeth with this mixture.
This mixture should be used just three times in a day as excessive usage can erode the enamel.
Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is known for its antibacterial properties and has been in use since ages as a disinfectant product.
A study done on the cow to check the effectiveness of apple cider vinegar for teeth had positive results (9). It was also found that it could soften the enamel, which is why it should not be used every day.
When using, dilute it with water and swish it around the mouth for a few minutes. Make sure to rinse the mouth with plain water afterward.
Fruits and Vegetables
Fruits and vegetables are good for the body as well as teeth.
Crunchy raw fruits and vegetables can help rub off the plaque away.
Strawberries and baking soda mixed together can help whiten the teeth. The malic acid found in strawberries helps remove teeth discoloration, along with baking soda playing a role in removing the stains.
It would not give an immediate result but would require you to use it for a period of time.
Mash strawberries and mix baking soda in it. Brush teeth with this mixture.
Some also claim that pineapple can whiten teeth. It contains an enzyme known as bromelain which has been shown in a study for effectively removing tooth stains (10).
Also, papain found in papaya helps whiten teeth.
Maintain Oral Hygiene
Maintaining oral hygiene is very important to keep teeth healthy and white.
Regular brushing, flossing protects the enamel, prevents gum decay, and helps remove stains.
Brushing teeth daily, using fluoride toothpaste, and flossing should be included in oral hygiene routine.
Fluoride helps fight and reverse tooth decay and flossing removes the plaque from in between the teeth.
Few people have naturally white teeth which discolour with age. Keep them shiny and white with excellent hygiene routine and regular dental check-ups.
Natural remedies can help whiten teeth and a dentist can provide professional help on the same. Choose what is best suited for you.