Can High Blood Pressure Cause Paralysis?

If you ever had an episode of paralysis attack, then it is likely that you also have high blood pressure. The doctor may term it as hypertension. High blood pressure is the primary culprit behind the stroke. According to experts, it is possible to prevent the occurrence of paralysis which is caused due to high blood pressure. The single path to achieve this is possible by bringing the blood pressure into the healthy range, which is 120/80.

When is Blood Pressure High?

If the value of your blood pressure is above 140/90 then you are diagnosed with high blood pressure. However, it is practical for every individual to see fluctuation in the value because of several factors. These include the intake of the food, the amount of stress experienced, the physical movement, and the number of hours of sleep. Therefore, it is necessary for you to check the blood pressure at different times in a single day before approaching the diagnosis center.

The top number is systolic pressure and defines the pressure in the arteries when the heart pumps blood. The bottom number is diastolic pressure and establishes the pressure between the beats, where the heart is at rest. If either number is abnormal, then the heart is functioning harder. Over a period, the abnormal functionality leads to the occurrence of paralysis.

Can High Blood Pressure Cause Paralysis?

Can High Blood Pressure Cause Paralysis?

Hypertension exerts consistent pressure on arteries. The excessive force of the blood pressure leads to damage of artery walls. The constant pressure over a period leads to weakness of the arteries.

There are two critical strokes, and high blood pressure has a significant hand.

Strokes Caused Due To Blockage Of Blood Flow

In every 10 cases, 9 experience a stroke because of obstruction of blood flow due to a clot in the brain. Doctors term it as ischemic stroke. Due to lack of oxygen, brain cells die within a few minutes. The formation of the clot occurs at the site of the damage to the blood vessel or elsewhere in the body which then passes to the brain. If the lump is traveling, then you are experiencing an underlying issue, such as irregular heartbeat.

The formation of clots increases in those who are suffering from high blood pressure because it speeds up the arteriosclerosis, the condition where the arteries become hard and narrow due to the formation of plaque. High blood pressure is also likely to cause atrial fibrillation. It is a condition where blood collects in the heart and forms a clot. Such a situation is dangerous as it raises the chances for the occurrence of paralysis to five fold.

Strokes Caused Due To Bleeding Surrounding The Brain

Strokes caused due to bleeding in the brain are hemorrhagic strokes. These are dangerous and deadly when compared with that of clot-based strokes. In this case, if the blood vessel tears open due to an aneurysm, which is a spot that developed due to the weekend wall of the blood vessel. As the blood passes at high pressure, it generates a balloon at the place damaging the arteries and bursts. The high blood pressure is also capable of creating mini-strokes. The transient ischemic attack occurs when the clot dissolves or dislodges itself. It is possible for you to recover from such a scenario. However, it is a warning that the major blow is around the corner. The occurrence of transient ischemic attack is the same way as it does for the major attack – by contracting the arteries and supporting the formation of blood clots.


Possessing knowledge about the symptoms of high blood pressure will be helpful in reaching out to the doctor at the earliest.

Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA
Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA
Written, Edited or Reviewed By: Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA Pain Assist Inc. This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimer
Last Modified On:May 1, 2019

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