Reviewed By: Pramod Kerkar, MD, FFARCSI

In the recent times, the problem related to blood pressure has become very common. High blood pressure is a condition in which the force of blood applied on the artery walls is very high and if not controlled then can cause severe health issues such as heart ailments. Blood pressure of an individual is determined by two things, one the amount of blood heart pumps in the body and second by the resistance that the blood faces while flowing in the arteries. In simple words we can say that, the more amount of blood the heart pumps and more the narrowing of arteries, higher is the blood pressure.

High blood pressure is a health problem, which may exist in the individual for years without showing any symptoms. Although, no significant symptom is observed in the patient but still the damage caused to the blood vessels continues. If the blood pressure of an individual remains high for a prolonged period of time then it can lead to many health issues such as heart problems, heart attack or even stroke.

High blood pressure is a problem that does not occur in one day, instead; it takes years to develop high blood pressure and it is a very common problem affecting almost every individual sooner or later. Identifying or detecting blood pressure is a very simple phenomenon, once the patient knows that they have high blood pressure they must immediately consult the problem with a registered medical practitioner to control the problem.

Can High Blood Pressure Be Cured Permanently?

Question that arises in the mind of majority of people is that whether the problem of high blood pressure is curable or not? The answer to this question is yes. If the problem is detected at an early stage and treatment for the same starts on time then the problem can be cured permanently.

Manage the Risk Factors

Some of the common risk factors of high blood pressure are as follows:

  • Family history of high blood pressure
  • Excess weight – People who are overweight are likely to suffer from the problem of high blood pressure.
  • Advance age – People who are more than 45 year old are more likely to develop the problem.
  • Intake of tobacco
  • Alcohol consumption – People who consume excess amount of alcohol are also prone to high blood pressure.
  • Physical inability
  • High cholesterol level – High blood pressure and high cholesterol level are directly proportional to each other.
  • Sleep Apnea.

Symptoms of High Pressure

As discussed above, high blood pressure does not show any symptoms even when the blood pressure becomes tremendously high. Some people notice some minor symptoms like headache, bleeding from nose or breathlessness. However, these are very minor symptoms and it does not show up until the problem becomes too severe that can be life threatening.

Causes

There are many causes that lead to high blood pressure but there are two main and prominent causes of high blood pressure: They are,

Primary Hypertension

Hypertension is one of the primary causes of high blood pressure. If the problem of pre hypertension is not treated on time then over a period it can lead to high blood pressure.

Secondary Hypertension

Some of the people suffering from high blood pressure because of basic health conditions, high blood pressure caused because of this and this is known as secondary hypertension. Some of the conditions that can cause secondary hypertension are as follows:

  • Thyroid
  • Problems related to kidney
  • Tumors in Adrenal gland
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Defective blood vessels
  • Excess consumption of alcohol
  • Consumption of illegal drugs
  • Intake of some medications, like birth controlling pills, decongestants, over the counter medication etc.

Treatment

As per the research conducted by U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, mostly thirty percent of the population suffers from the problem of high blood. The dangerous aspect of high blood pressure is its severe consequences, such as heart attack or failure, kidney problem, pressure of blood arteries.

Also Read:

Pramod Kerkar

Written, Edited or Reviewed By:

, MD,FFARCSI

Pain Assist Inc.

Last Modified On: March 23, 2018

This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimer

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