Hypophosphatemia: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prognosis
Hypophosphatemia- Phosphate is a mineral which is extremely essential for membrane structure, energy storage etc. it is an essential component of DNA and RNA. Phosphate is required by the red blood cells for producing 2,3-diphosphoglycerate which is used for releasing oxygen from the hemoglobin. There are certain conditions in which the levels of phosphate get depleted and become lower than normal resulting in a medical condition called Hypophosphatemia. In this article, we will discuss in detail about the various causes, symptoms, and treatment for Hypophosphatemia.
What Is Hypophosphatemia?
Hypophosphatemia is the name given to a medical condition in which there is electrolyte imbalance and extremely low level of phosphates in blood. This can be due to many causes but is quite common in malnourished individuals or excessive alcohol abusers who are given excessive amounts of carbohydrates resulting in increased demand for phosphorus by the body resulting in depleted levels of potassium.
How Is Hypophosphatemia Caused?
Some Of The Causes Of Hypophosphatemia Are:
- Chronic alcoholism
- Use of antacids
- Use of certain medications like acetazolamide, pentamidine, etc
- Medical condition called as Fanconi Syndrome
- Malnourishment or excessive starvation
- Low vitamin D levels
What Are The Symptoms Of Hypophosphatemia?
Symptoms Of Hypophosphatemia Include:
- Bone pain
- Muscle weakness
How Is Hypophosphatemia Diagnosed?
To diagnose Hypophosphatemia the treating physician may conduct the following investigations:
- Screening of Kidney functions
- Screening for Vitamin K levels
- The testing may reveal anemia and cardiomyopathy
What Are The Treatments For Hypophosphatemia?
Preparation of potassium phosphate is given intravenously as a treatment for Hypophosphatemia and is usually given to malnourished and alcoholic individuals. Oral supplementation also is pretty helpful in treatment of Hypophosphatemia.
What Is The Prognosis And Complications Of Hypophosphatemia?
The prognosis of Hypophosphatemia is dependent on the underlying cause of the condition.