Cardiomyopathy indicates a heart muscular disease. These problems have different causes as well as signs and symptoms, along with different treatments. Moreover, in some cases, heart muscles become thick, large, or rigid and in rare cases, the scar tissues replace the muscular tissues in the problem of cardiomyopathy.
As the condition of a person becomes worse, one’s heart becomes weak and relatively less able to pump the blood throughout the entire body to maintain a regular electrical rhythm. In this way, the individual suffers irregular heartbeat also called as arrhythmias or heart failure. Moreover, weak heart creates various other complications, including heart valve problems.
Can Cardiomyopathy Go Away On It’s Own?
Most of the times, the patients and their family members ask a common question that whether the problem of cardiomyopathy goes away on its own or not. For this, doctors say that cardiomyopathy in most of the cases do not involve any sign or symptom and hence, does not require any treatment. Medical research experts have called this type of problem as dilated cardiomyopathy, as it occurs suddenly and goes away on own. However, in other cases, the problems develop quickly with many serious complications and severe symptoms. In this case, individuals require essential treatments and prevention, which include medicines, lifestyle changes, implanted devices and surgical procedures to correct the problem of arrhythmias and related nonsurgical procedures. These treatments are able to control symptoms, decrease complications and avoid worsening of the problem.
What is the Treatment for Cardiomyopathy?
Lifestyle changes have major roles to manage any condition that causes cardiomyopathy. These include-
- Adopting a healthy lifestyle by following a healthy diet plan and involving in any physical activity, where healthy diet consists of green veggies, fruits and grains.
- Choose low sodium and low saturated and trans-fat food items
- Avoid or reduce the alcohol intake
- Select food items and beverages with low-added sugar
- Maintain a healthy weight by tracking the body’s calorie requirement
- Getting enough rest and sleep in a day
- Reduce your stress
- Treatment of high blood pressure, diabetes and other related underlying conditions
Medicines to Treat Cardiomyopathy
Cardiologists recommend a large number of medicines to treat the problem of cardiomyopathy. These are as follows-
- Angiotensin receptor blockers, ACE inhibitors, calcium channel blockers and beta-blockers are the best medicines to reduce blood pressure
- Calcium channel blockers, beta-blockers and digoxin are helpful in slowing one’s heart rate.
- Antiarrhythmics medicines are helpful to keep heartbeat within one’s normal rhythm and prevent arrhythmias.
- Aldosterone blockers medicines to balance electrolytes present in the body of patients. Electrolytes refer to minerals helpful in maintaining fluid levels and balance of acid-base within the body of a person. Electrolytes are also helpful in proper functioning of both nerve and muscular tissues. Abnormal levels of electrolyte indicate the problem of dehydration, high blood pressure, heart failure and other related disorders.
- Water pills or diuretics medicines perform a prime role to remove excessive amount of sodium and fluid from one’s body.
- Blood thinner medicines used mainly to prevent clotting of bloods for patients suffering from dilated cardiomyopathy.
- Doctors often recommend for corticosteroid medicines to reduce inflammation.
Surgery to Treat Cardiomyopathy
There are different types of surgeries available for the treatment of cardiomyopathy, which include the following-
Septal Myectomy: Cardiac surgeons perform an open-heart surgery named Septal Myectomy in patients suffering from obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and other related severe signs and symptoms. According to this surgery, surgeons removed the thickened or large septum bulging within the left ventricle. In this way, the surgery improves the flow of blood from the heart and out towards the body. Even the surgeon replaces/repairs the mitral heart valve of a patient at the same time.
Surgically Implanted Equipments: Surgeons may opt to place a variety of devices in the patients’ heart to help it in working in a better way. For instance, surgeons opt for pacemakers placed beneath the abdomen or chest skin to help in controlling arrhythmias.
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