Can You Exercise With Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy?

Physical exercise forms an important part of other regular activities performed by people. However, the level or amount of normal exercise varies among generations. Despite this fact, the doctors have documented that the entire world is suffering highly because of physical inactivity. Furthermore, physical inactivity has proved to be a big risk factor contributing towards the development of ischemic heart problems or narrowing of arteries. Based on this, we can say that physical activity is essential and gives positive result irrespective of any underlying health or medical condition of a person.

Heart Performance and Physical Exercise

When we do physical exercise, our body consumes oxygen in relatively higher amount, because of which our breathing rate increases. On the other side, our body muscles also demand relatively higher supply of blood, while our heart responds, resulting in the increase of both heart rate and its contraction power.

Gradually, our blood pressure increases with any physical exercise for maintaining the demands of our body. Performance of a human heart depends mainly on age and hence, doctors calculate the heart rate when it achieves the highest possible performance with the formula as 220 minus age of a person in years. A well-trained heart optimizes the mechanism and in each heartbeat, it pumps higher amount of blood, so that the remaining heart rate tends to stay at low level.

Can You Exercise With Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy?

Can You Exercise With Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy?

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy refers to a cardiac condition, in which heart muscles affect mainly, while the problem characterizes abnormally thick heart muscles. However, HCM is of heterogeneous in nature, because of which magnitude and distribution of the heart’s inner layer thickness in case of HCM also show variations among patients.

Approximately, 30 percent of total HCM patients experience obstruction towards the flow of blood while they remain at rest. Cardiologists call it as obstructive form/type of HCM. Moreover, 10 percent of individuals deal with obstruction only when they perform any vigorous physical exercise. A majority of HCM patients do not have any symptom. In contrast, a few patients experience symptoms when they involve in any workout. These include dizziness, chest pain, breathing shortness and palpitations.

In this situation, cardiologists perform initial consultation of patients, take regular follow-ups and give valuable pieces of advice to tailor towards specific symptoms, ability to involve in any type of exercise, exercise testing or performance and various morphological characteristics revealed on the scan or echocardiogram. According to the obtained test results, doctors will know both pumping/contraction and relaxation functions performed by one’s heart, extent of hypertrophy problem and perform the necessary risk assessment.

Risks Related to Sudden Cardiac Death

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy or HCM is an important factor associated with sudden cardiac death in a large number of young boys and girls today. While a few HCM related sudden death take place by following moderate exertion to severe ones; increase in relative risk related to sudden death among individuals incurred because of regular participation in vigorous physical exercises. There is a close relationship in between the practice of competitive sports and occurrence of HCM-based sudden cardiac death in individuals. However, there is no relevant data to prove abstention from such vigorous physical exercise avoids death.


Not each of the trained athletes suffering from Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy dies all of a sudden while involving in competitive sports. Once a few of the HCM related sudden cardiac death have relations with intensive physical activity and precision to stratify risk related to HCM for athletes is difficult in the given extreme environment conditions, in which they expose related to alterations in the hydration of blood volume and with electrolytes.

Also Read:

Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA
Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA
Written, Edited or Reviewed By: Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA Pain Assist Inc. This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimer
Last Modified On:October 11, 2018

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