Reviewed By: Pramod Kerkar, MD, FFARCSI

Mitral valve disease is a disease caused due to improper closure or opening of the mitral valve. It leads to the backflow of blood from left ventricle to left atrium of the heart. It is caused by hypertension, obesity, high cholesterol, modern lifestyle, and others. Its symptoms include extreme fatigue, heart murmur, shortness of breath, and others. It cannot be prevented in cases that are triggered by congenital defects of the mitral valve. It can be prevented by modifying lifestyles, diet and others discussed below.

Prevention Of Mitral Valve Disease

Mitral valve disease is a medical condition characterized by improper or non- functioning of the mitral valve. This affects the flow of blood between the left atrium and left ventricle. It is caused by either too loosening or tightening of the mitral valve.

The risk factors of mitral valve disease cannot be avoided completely but certain lifestyle modifications can be done to prevent this disease. Mitral valve disease caused by congenital defects of the mitral valve cannot be prevented. The preventive measures are-

Regular Exercises- if you are at the risk of heart disease, you should make a habit of practicing exercises regularly. It helps in maintaining a healthy weight and a healthy heart.

Dietary Changes- your diet should contain fresh fruits and vegetables, low carbohydrates, low fat, and moderate protein to have a healthy heart. Spicy, junk food, processed food items should be avoided as they lead to cardiovascular diseases. Food that contains saturated fat and Trans fat should be excluded from the diet as they impact cardiovascular function.

Maintenance Of Healthy Weight- if you are at risk of heart disease or mitral valve disease, you should maintain a healthy weight of the body. Excess body weight affects your heart function. If you want to prevent mitral valve disease, you have to keep your body weight in the normal healthy range.

Prevention Of Infection- infectious diseases of heart like endocarditis, myocarditis, etc should be prevented in order to protect the mitral valve from any damage.

Cessation Of Smoking- smoking should be stopped as it may result in high blood pressure and damage to the heart.

Cutting Down Alcohol- high alcohol consumption impairs the heart function by suppressing one’s immunity to fight against infection. So, Alcohol consumption should be cut down.

Control Of Blood Cholesterol And Blood Pressure- to prevent mitral valve disease, it is necessary to maintain healthy levels of blood cholesterol and blood pressure.

Mitral valve disease is of two types-

Mitral Valve Regurgitation- it is a condition marked by improper closing of the mitral valve. This leads to backflow of blood from left ventricle into the left atrium when the heart contracts.

Mitral Valve Stenosis- it is a condition in which mitral valve is fused or thick or stiff, that narrow down the opening. This results in the reduction in the flow of blood between the left atrium and left ventricle.

Mitral Valve Disease Causes

Mitral valve disease is caused by

  • Hypertension
  • Overweight
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Smoking
  • High cholesterol

Mitral Valve Disease Risk Factors

Risk factors of mitral valve regurgitation are-

  • Middle age
  • Medicines that are prescribed for migraines
  • Congenital heart defects
  • Damaged tissue cords
  • Mitral valve prolapsed
  • Previous history of heart attack
  • Endocarditis
  • Radiation therapy focused on the chest
  • Trauma
  • Rheumatic fever

Risk factors of mitral valve stenosis are-

  • Congenital heart diseases in which infants are born with narrow mitral valve
  • Autoimmune diseases like lupus
  • Calcium deposits around the rings of the mitral valve
  • Rheumatic fever
  • Radiation therapy focused on the chest

Conclusion

Mitral valve disease cannot be avoided in congenital diseases of the heart that is marked by inborn defects in the mitral valve. Regular exercises, dietary changes, maintenance of healthy weight, and others discussed above can help in the prevention of mitral valve disease.

Also Read:

Pramod Kerkar

Written, Edited or Reviewed By:

, MD,FFARCSI

Pain Assist Inc.

Last Modified On: January 18, 2019

This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimer

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