What To Eat & Avoid When You Have PAPVR?

Food is directly involved in many of the risk factors for partial anomalous pulmonary venous return so paying attention to food is one of the most important preventive measures.1

High-fat diet and obesity are often associated with fatty deposits in the arteries and prevent the required flow of blood into the heart.2

Plant foods like whole grains, cereals, nut, fruits, and vegetables reduce the risk of heart diseases especially with the symptoms of PAPVR.

What To Eat & Avoid When You Have PAPVR?

When it comes to heart diseases in the United States, the statistics are quite dreadful. The number of individuals diagnosed with congenital heart disease increases every year. Nearly 0.4-0.7% of people are affected with Partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (PAPVR) every year.

Although this is not a preventable condition as it is diagnosed at the time of birth (fetal develops this complication in the mother’s womb during 8 weeks of pregnancy), we can still lower the risk by eating a heart-healthy diet. Medical experts suggest a well-balanced diet can minimize the risk of several heart conditions.1

Foods To Avoid When You Have PAPVR

High in sugar, salt & fat- High fat and sugar increase the risk of congenital heart disorders. High-fat diet and obesity are often associated with fatty deposits in the arteries and prevent the required flow of blood into the heart. If you are worried about your condition, you need to keep these foods in limit and start avoiding in regular rotation.

Red Meat- In general, red meat (pork, beef, and lamb) have more bad cholesterol than lean meat, fresh fruits, and vegetables. Saturated fats increase your cholesterol level and worsen your condition. Bacon especially comes with high saturated fat and can lead to stroke, heart disease, and heart failure.2

Drinks – Small amounts of sugar aren’t harmful to your heart; however, a can of soda contains high amounts of sugar that is not recommendable for PAPVR. Medical studies show diet fuzz drinks increase heart risk by 10%.

Foods To Eat When You Have PAPVR

Heart-healthy diet and lifestyle are the best weapons to manage symptoms of PAPVR and to ease recovery after surgery. Plant foods like whole grains, cereals, nut, fruits, and vegetables reduce the risk of heart diseases especially with the symptoms of PAPVR.

A well-balanced diet encompassing requires levels of potassium, omega 3 fatty acid (Fish and other seafood like salmon, mackerel, tuna, herring, and sardines), fibers, folic acids decreases inflammations and prevents fatty deposits.3,4

Partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (PAPVR) is a hereditary disorder that happens due to the failure of deterioration of primitive lung drainage. Some of the pulmonary veins result in the left to the right shunt. Based on the blood flow rate, PAPVR has a wide spectrum of presentations.

Most conditions are associated with the atrial septal defect, if this is the case it can result in shunt reversal and Eisenmenger’s syndrome in the setting of severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (untreated congenital cardiac defect with intracardiac communication in which a long-standing left-to-right cardiac shunt caused by a congenital heart defect).

References:

  1. Ishida, Narihiro, et al. “Surgical Repair of Partial Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return with Intact Atrial Septum in a 65-Year-Old Woman: a Case Report.” Journal of Medical Case Reports, BioMed Central, 24 Nov. 2018, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6260651/.
  2. “Congenital Heart Defects – Facts about TAVPR.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 12 Nov. 2019, www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/heartdefects/tapvr.html.
  3. Sinan Akay, Bilal Battal. “Right Sided Complex Partial Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return Associated with Sinus Venosus Atrial Septal Defect.” OMICS International, OMICS International, 31 Aug. 2013, www.omicsonline.org/open-access/Right-Sided-Complex-Partial-Anomalous-Pulmonary-Venous-Return-Associated-with-Sinus-Venosus-2167-7964.1000142.php?aid=19566.
  4. “Surgery for Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return for Children.” Surgery for Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return for Children | Johns Hopkins Medicine, www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/treatment-tests-and-therapies/surgery-for-total-anomalous-pulmonary-venous-return-for-children.

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