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What are the Common Mouth Problems & What is its Cure?

Mouth problems are very common and are frequently experienced by many people. Some of the most common mouth problems are pain, oral thrush, cold sores, mouth ulcers, mouth bad breath and many more factors advance to oral cancer if not treated on time. While oral hygiene and care is important, some conditions may require appropriate treatment. Knowing about the conditions can help in every way. Know about the common mouth problems and how to cure them.

What are the Common Mouth Problems?

What are the Common Mouth Problems?

Some of the common mouth problems include

Cold Sores in or Around Mouth

The cold sores, a common mouth problem, are also known as fever blisters, which are caused by herpes simplex virus. They normally occur in and around the mouth. Fever and cold doesn’t come first, actually it is blisters which form and trigger fever. The herpes simplex virus can be contagious and the infection spreads via shared utensils, close contacts, saliva transfer by kissing. Cold sores in or around mouth are a result of inflammation in the mouth. In order to prevent its growth and to heal quickly, see an oral surgeon. Oral ointments and antibiotics can be prescribed for its cure.

Oral Thrush

Candida yeast is responsible for oral thrush or oral candidiasis, another common mouth problem. It is usually found in babies and older adults. This may be caused due to weak immune system, diabetes and regular consumption of antibiotics. If you try to wipe the patches on your tongue, then you may get sore injuries and it is quite painful. Certainly, see a doctor if the problem does not go away after 5 days course of medication, to rule out the possibility of other serious conditions like HIV.

Black Hairy Tongue

This condition, also known as hyperkeratosis of the tongue is painless regards to its visibility. They are little bumps on the tongue that augment fast because of the growth of trapped bacteria (growth of excessive bacteria or yeast), which lives in mouth for long. The tongue appears black and hairy that eventually reduces the capability of a tongue to produce saliva. The only method to release these bacteria from mouth is to brush tongue with the help of a scraper. Proper evaluation and medication is also necessary to treat this common mouth problem.

Canker Sores

Pain oriented small blisters inside the mouth lining are one of the common mouth problems. Canker sores are yellowish and pink in color, which may also have filled mucus inside until they are pricked by something. The infection in mouth can be a cause of hormonal imbalance, infection by contagious saliva or bacteria, stress, indigestion and hypersensitivity. When a person suffers from vitamin deficiency, then canker sores are seen commonly for some days in mouth lining. It is often treated with the oral ointments and vitamin C tablets, but it is advisable to seek medical opinion.

Leukoplakia- pre-cancer mouth problem

Leukoplakia is a common mouth problem, which results from smoking or chewing tobacco. Teeth become rough and pale white patches are formed in the mouth, which have slight pain and cannot be removed easily. This condition is regarded as a pre-cancer condition and many people have suffered from cancer later on. It is important to get this condition evaluated and treated properly.

Lichen Planus

Lichen planus, includes rash-like patches which have red bumps, which are a common mouth problem. They usually form on tongue or cheek linings. Small size lichen planus may resolve on their own, while chronic planus patches becomes ulcers and cause severe pain. Topical or oral medication can solve the problem in 5 to 10 days span. If they are untreated or sores grow faster, an oral surgeon may have to be consulted. Risk of oral cancer is higher in those cases where planus remains untreated for a month or more.

Geographic Tongue

A map-like appearance administered on tongue after red bumps becomes spots. They often change location and pattern. Size of the patches may be vast or small depending upon the infection. They are harmless and usually need no serious medical treatment. Seeking medical advice is good and treatment can offer relief in pain and inflammation.

Amalgam Tattoo

Amalgam tattoo is one of the other common mouth problems. In a soft part of human mouth, you will notice a small blue and grey color stain that appears after dental treatment. This stain is known as amalgam tattoo, which usually occurs when small pieces of amalgam filling embeds in cheek or gum lining. There is a silver element in the amalgam, which percolates into the human mouth’s soft tissue linings and results in tiny tattoo. There is no harm with this tattoo stain, but in case you have accompanied pain and inflammation in gums then see your dentist immediately.

Gum Diseases

Due to gum diseases in your mouth, bacteria start accumulating along with the lining of gums. Gingivitis is the first stage known for gum disease. Its common symptoms are gum bleeding, red and puffy gums. It is necessary to maintain good oral hygiene, because infectious mouth or not brushing regularly often results into gum diseases.
If you are suffering from gum diseases, then it’s time to quit few habits such as-

  • Smoking
  • Alcohol
  • Chewing tobacco
  • Poor nutrition
  • Stress

Oral Cancer- An Acute Stage of Common Mouth Problems

Mouth sores in oral cancer do not go on its own. When a person starts suffering from numbness in mouth, neck and face it is important to seek medical advice. Problem may worsens with time and there may be problem in speaking, swallowing and chewing. The most common risk factors of oral cancer are overexposure to sun, smoking cigarettes, chewing tobacco, drinking excessively and history of cancer in family.

What is the Cure for Common Mouth Problems?

Here are some easy step to cure common mouth problems:

  • Brushing – Brush twice a day; once in the morning and before going to bed.
  • Rinsing – Rinse your mouth after every meal, it keeps mouth clean and prevents plaque buildup.
  • Flossing – Remove food particles, which gets stuck so that they do not stale around and ferment resulting into bad bacteria formation.
  • Mouth Wash Gargles – Mouth wash kills plaque bacteria and doesn’t allow yeast to develop.

Bleaching can be done if mouth has bad smell or teeth are unusual yellow. Visit your dentist regularly or once in six months for an oral checkup and follow the given advice. Eat healthy, nutritious foods and drink plenty of water to keep yourself well hydrated.


Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA
Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA
Written, Edited or Reviewed By: Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA Pain Assist Inc. This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimer
Last Modified On:September 4, 2023

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