Joint pain is becoming increasingly common today, especially for those individuals who are active in sports and in old age, as wear and tear of joints is more common in these cases. Among different joints, knee joint pain is one of the commonest joint pains suffered today. Knee joint is a complex structure made up of different bones and ligaments. Knee joint also absorbs a lot of impact during activities like jumping, running, jogging, etc. Pain in the knee joint could also be due to various reasons such as injury, repetitive use of the joint or other medical conditions, such as arthritis. In our Knee Pain Information Center, you will find that we have not only covered all the causes, but also have gone through the Anatomical Distribution of Knee Joint Pain, Understanding the Knee Joint Anatomy and Its Structure.
Given below is a glimpse of what you will find in our section on knee joint pain. To read more, please click on the left side menu under our KNEE PAIN INFORMATION CENTER.
Knee joint pain is a common enough complaint, but do you know the reason behind it? To find out more, read our topic on "5 Major Causes of Knee Joint Pain" under our "Knee Pain Information Center" on the left side menu. The 5 Major Causes of Knee Joint Pain are:
- Knee Joint Inflammation (arthritis, tendonitis, bursitis, ligament inflammation).
- Knee Joint Infection (could be blood borne or through an injury).
- Knee Joint Injury (could be to tendons or ligaments).
- Patello-Femoral Syndrome
To read in detail, please refer to the left side menu under Knee Pain Information Center.
Understanding our knee joint helps in understanding our pain better and how to ease and deal with the pain. So, in this topic, we have covered in detail about our:
- Knee Joint Movements.
- Articulating Cartilages: These cover the inner surfaces of long bones and wear and tear and other abnormalities in them can cause chronic knee pain.
- Knee Joint Menisci: These are the cartilages which are present on the medial and lateral parts of the knee joint. In this section you can read how any problems with them cause knee pain.
- Knee Joint and Bones: The knee joint is made up of the following bones, Femur, Tibia and Patella (kneecap). Read how any problems or injuries to these bones can cause pain in the knee joint.
- Ligaments of the Knee Joint: A knee joint has 4 ligaments:
- Anterior Cruciate Ligament
- Posterior Cruciate Ligament
- Medial Collateral Ligament
- Lateral Collateral Ligament
Read how any disease or abnormality in these ligaments can cause chronic knee joint pain under our "Knee Pain Information Center."
- Tendons of the Knee Joint: The Quadriceps Tendon and Patellar Tendon…any inflammation or disease of these tendons can also result in knee joint pain.
- Muscles Associated With Knee Joint: such as the Quadriceps Muscle Groups and the Hamstring Muscle Groups. Any tear, spasm or injury to these muscles results in knee joint pain.
So as you can see, we have loads of information on the causes behind knee joint pain and the cause could lie in the anatomical structure of the knee joint. So do read more and increase your knowledge by clicking on the left side menu under the "KNEE PAIN INFORMATION CENTER."
The function of a bursa, which is a small sac containing fluid, is lubrication during joint movement. Inflammation of bursa is known as bursitis and it is a very painful condition. It causes pain, swelling and restricted movement of the knee joint. Treatment comprises of rest, ice therapy, compression, NSAIDs, corticosteroids injection and aspiration. Surgery is done if the patient does not benefit from the above methods. To read more about this condition which causes knee pain, please refer to the left side menu under KNEE PAIN INFORMATION CENTER.
In this section, you will know more about the knee structure and how the bones, cartilages, menisci, ligaments and muscles are connected and how they function together.
In this section we have covered the various conservative treatment modalities for knee joint pain and when to employ these treatment measures; such as bandages and other compressive methods are best used in conditions such as tendonitis, bursitis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis.
- Cold therapy is beneficial when your knee joint has swelling, inflammation, hematoma, bursitis etc.
- Heat therapy is best in sprains, arthritis etc.
Then there are medications such as NSAIDs, opioids, Antiepileptic Analgesics, Antidepressant Analgesics and Physical Therapy…to read more on when and how they should be used, please refer to our complete section under our KNEE PAIN INFORMATION CENTER. We have also got videos on how to do the PT exercises.
If The Conservative Measures Do Not Benefit, Then Surgical Options Are Considered Such As:
- Knee Joint Arthroscopy
- Close Knee Joint Reduction
- Open Knee Joint Reduction
- Repair of Torn Knee Joint Tendon
- Meniscus Tear Repair
- Open Fracture Reduction
- Open Reduction of Knee Joint Dislocation
- Partial or Total Knee Joint Replacement.
Other Knee Pain Topics Which are Covered in This Section: