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Impact of Diet in Teeth Whitening

  1. Introduction

    1.1 Teeth Whitening Explained

    In today’s day and age, a perfect smile with glittering white teeth is what people long for. People use all sort of methods both organic and pharmacological to ensure that their teeth become white and shiny. One such method is known as Teeth Whitening.[1]

    Teeth Whitening is a cosmetic procedure which is done to remove stains and discoloration from the teeth caused by various factors as illustrated below and improve their appearance. The most preferred methods used for Teeth Whitening include in-office bleaching, at-home bleaching, and other natural methods.[1]

    1.2 Factors That Cause Discoloration or Staining of Teeth

    The genetics composition, lifestyle factors, certain medications, and diet are some of the common factors that cause the teeth to get discolored or stained. Among all the above factors diet is perhaps the most important. There are plenty of foods and beverages that tend to stain or discolor the teeth and also there are certain foods that help in teeth whitening.[2]

    1.3 Impact of Diet on Teeth Whitening

    Diet plays a very significant role in not only the overall oral health of a person but also the condition of the teeth. On the other hand, there are also certain foods that promote good oral and health and also help in teeth whitening. The reason why diet plays a crucial role in oral health and teeth whitening is the presence of nutrients, carbohydrates and sugar in the diet.[3]

    Excess sugar, starch, or carbohydrates makes the teeth prone to gum disease, tooth decay, and tooth staining. However, eating a balanced diet high on fresh fruits and vegetables help in promoting good oral health and keeps the teeth healthy and white.[3]

  2. Foods and Beverages that Stain Teeth

    2.1 Explanation of How Certain Foods and Beverages Can Cause Staining

    It is important to know as to why certain foods like sugars and starch are bad for the teeth and others are not. The reason is that these foods contain chromogens, tannins, and certain acids which stick to the enamel of the teeth and with time these chemicals cause staining and decay of the teeth.[3]

    2.2 Foods and Beverages that Cause Teeth Staining

    Some of the best examples of beverages that cause tooth decay or staining include coffee, tea, soda, and red wine, and carbonated beverages like soft drinks. Additionally, it has been observed that excessive use of tomato sauce and berries can also cause discolored and stained teeth.[4]

    2.3 How to Reduce Staining Caused by These Foods and Beverages

    The best way to decrease discolored and stained teeth is to completely abstain or avoid the foods and beverages mentioned above that cause stained or discolored teeth. In case even if a person consumes such foods then it is recommended to drink plenty of water so that any residue is completely washed away. Additionally, it is recommended to brush and rinse the teeth well after consuming foods and beverages that can cause staining or discoloration.[5]

  3. Foods and Beverages that Whiten Teeth

    3.1 How Certain Foods and Beverages Can Help Whiten Teeth

    While there are foods that cause tooth decay and stain the teeth there are also certain foods and beverages that help in whitening the teeth. These food products contain natural enzymes, fibers, and certain acids which are good for the teeth and promote teeth whitening.[6]

    Strawberries are best examples of a food product that promotes teeth whitening. Strawberries contain malic acid which helps in removing stains from the teeth. Another example is apples which contain plenty of fiber and water which promotes production of saliva and helps in rinsing away any food particles and bacteria that that may be stuck in between teeth and result in staining.[6]

    3.2 Examples of Foods and Beverages that Help Whiten Teeth

    Aside from Apples and strawberries there are also certain other foods that are good for teeth whitening. These include Celery, cheese, and pineapple which all contain elements in them that promote whitening of teeth.[6]

    3.3 Ways to Incorporate These Foods and Beverages into Diet for Teeth Whitening Benefits

    All the food products mentioned above can be easily incorporated on daily diets to reap the best benefits in terms of teeth whitening. Strawberries can be used as a snack and can be added in smoothies.[7]

    Apples can be eaten anytime of the day as a snack, the same can be said for celery. Additionally, adding green leafy vegetables, fresh fruits, and foods rich in nutrients in daily diet can work wonders when it comes to teeth whitening.[7]

  4. Nutrients that Promote Teeth Whitening

    4.1 How Nutrients Promote Teeth Whitening

    One of the reasons behind some foods and beverages promoting good oral health and teeth whitening is the nutrients present in these products. The primary function of these nutrients is to promote saliva production which help in washing away any debris that might be responsible for tooth staining and also neutralize any acidic ingredients present in the mouth.[8]

    Calcium and vitamin D are prime examples of nutrients that are essential for a good oral health including the teeth. Phosphorus is yet another nutrient that is beneficial for good oral health and strong and white teeth.[8]

    4.2 How to Incorporate These Nutrients into Diet for Teeth Whitening Benefits

    All the nutrients mentioned above can be easily incorporated in the daily diet. Dairy products like milk and cheese are the best source of calcium and probiotics.[8]

    Additionally, eating green leafy vegetables, nuts, and seeds are extremely potent source for calcium and phosphorus. Aside from dietary resources spending some time out in the early morning sun is perhaps the best source for vitamin D.[8]

  5. Different Types of Diets and Their Effect on Teeth Whitening

    5.1 Mediterranean and Paleo Diet and Teeth Whitening

    Research has shown that both Mediterranean and Paleo are good for overall good oral health and teeth whitening. Both these diet forms are rich in nutrients and low on acids and sugar content thereby promoting teeth whitening.[8]

    The Mediterranean comprises of plenty of fruits, vegetables, nuts, and fish all of which promote good oral health as they contain vital vitamins and minerals beneficial for good oral health and teeth whitening. Another advantage of the Mediterranean diet is that it is low in processed sugar, starch, and acids which again can prove to be harmful for the teeth thereby promoting white and glittering teeth.[8]

    The concept of the Paleo diet is based on the consumption of whole foods and to stay away from processed foods and sugar thereby promoting good oral health. The Paleo diet in rich in lean proteins, fruits, and vegetables which increase saliva production and has a neutralization effect in the mouth thereby promoting teeth whitening.[9]

    5.2 How to Adopt a Teeth Whitening-Friendly Diet

    In order to have consistent teeth whitening effect it is important to keep an eye on the diet. It is best to avoid any processed foods and sugary drinks and if unavoidable it is important to rinse the mouth and if possible, brush the teeth to prevent any acids or other debris to bet stuck in between the teeth. It is also recommended to incorporate the foods mentioned above in the diet regularly for good oral health.[8, 9]

  6. Conclusion

    6.1 Recap of impact of Diet on Teeth Whitening

    In summary, diet plays a crucial role in having a good oral health and pearly white teeth. There are certain foods especially those high on sugar, starch, carbohydrate and certain acids that cause staining and discoloration of teeth. However, there are other foods and beverages that have ingredients which promote good oral health and aid in teeth whitening. All of these have been illustrated above in detail.[1, 2]

    6.2 Final Thoughts on the Importance of Diet for Teeth Whitening

    There are many methods that people employ for teeth whitening which include both organic and pharmacological but another important aspect to teeth whitening is dietary intake. While teeth whitening treatments like whitening strips and other professional treatments are quite effective in improving the appearance of the teeth maintaining a healthy diet is the best way forward towards a good oral health and having white teeth.[1, 2]

    A diet rich in fruits, green vegetables, and lean proteins and low on sugar, starch, and carbohydrates goes a long way in promoting good oral health and pave way for glittering white teeth.[1, 2]


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Team PainAssist
Team PainAssist
Written, Edited or Reviewed By: Team PainAssist, Pain Assist Inc. This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimer
Last Modified On:March 30, 2023

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