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What Causes Acne in Teenagers?

Acne is a common problem that almost attacks all the teenagers across the globe. It is unclear how some people are inclined to obtain acne while others are not. However, the result of the occurrence of acne is due to the androgens, which appear in both male and females during puberty. The hormone has a pivotal role to play in the production of the oil, as it enlarges the oil glands and assists in the production of increased sebum. The other reason behind the occurrence of acne is due to hormonal changes during pregnancy or due to switching between birth control pills. Hereditary in the form of genes also have a role to play in the occurrence of acne.

What Causes Acne in Teenagers?

What Causes Acne in Teenagers?

The cause of acne in teenagers is due to the production of oil released by oil glands that lie beneath the skin layer. When the oil level increases than the prescribed limit, that tend to clog the pores, making it difficult for the hair follicle to remove the skin cells that are dead and dirt. Acne occurs in different formats such as pimples, whiteheads, cysts, nodules, and blackheads. The most common occurrence of acne is pimples. They usually appear on face, chest, neck, shoulders, and back.

The occurrence of acne in teenagers is also due to the effect of treatment where androgen is part of medicine. In such scenarios, it is common for the person undergoing the treatment to acquire acne.

Cosmetics are available in different formats including water based products and greasy products. The greasy forms of cosmetics make it impossible for the sedum to release the dead skin cells, making complications for any teenager. On the contrast, those who are using water-based cosmetics are likely to find fewer chances for the occurrence of acne. Keeping these factors in mind will be of help while choosing a cosmetic product to ensure that these do not seal the pore and turn an existing pimple, which is in a starting stage to mild and then to severe.

How to Treat Acne in Teenagers?

As the reason behind the occurrence of acne in teenagers is understood, the priority is about citing the level of that particular incident. The information collected by the dermatologist will be helpful in prescribing medication for acne that will increase or decrease androgens in the body. Due to this, the body achieves a state where it releases the required sebum quantity to remove dead skin cells at regular intervals.

Treating acne is possible through oral contraceptives and topical creams. Treatment includes both prescribed medication and non-prescription approach. A prescribed drug includes a follow-up procedure by the dermatologist, which ensures that the medicine provided is functioning without causing any side effects. Additionally, the doctor will gain the possibility to check for the level of acne.

The non-prescription approach consists of using medicines and topical creams that are easily available at any pharmacy. All the products contain benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, and acetic acid. The combination helps in killing the bacteria that forms within the clogged pores, and for the aid in maintaining the oil production. The acne treatment requires at least six weeks when regularly used to reduce/ control acne and stop it from appearing at a different location.

With precise information about the occurrence of acne in teenagers, it is feasible to monitor or reduce acne with ease. As there are separate methods in treating acne, it depends on the individual to choose a particular approach for the treatment. The inclusion of exercises and diet control also supports in treating acne, making any teenager feel less embarrassed when they step out of their house.


  1. Mayo Clinic. “Acne: Causes.” Mayo Clinic. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/acne/symptoms-causes/syc-20368047
  2. American Academy of Dermatology Association. “Acne: Overview.” AAD. https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/acne-and-rosacea/acne#overview
  3. Cleveland Clinic. “Teen Acne: When to See a Doctor.” Cleveland Clinic. https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/16947-teen-acne-when-to-see-a-doctor
  4. Medical News Today. “How do you treat a pimple in the nose?” MNT. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/320386
  5. American Academy of Dermatology Association. “Acne: Diagnosis and treatment.” AAD. https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/acne-and-rosacea/acne#treatment
  6. American Academy of Dermatology Association. “Acne: Tips for managing.” AAD. https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/acne-and-rosacea/acne#tips
  7. Medical News Today. “Acne: Treatment, types, and causes.” MNT. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/107146

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Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA
Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA
Written, Edited or Reviewed By: Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA Pain Assist Inc. This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimer
Last Modified On:August 14, 2023

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