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What is Inflammatory Acne Vulgaris: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Self Care

Medicines such as lithium, iodides, cortisone, some seizure prescriptions, or isoniazid can too cause inflammatory acne vulgaris.

What is Inflammatory Acne Vulgaris?

Inflammatory acne vulgaris is a common chronic skin disease which people term as pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, and zits. Vulgaris is the medical word for “common”. It is given this name to differentiate it from other less known variations of skin inflammation. Inflammatory acne vulgaris is influencing 80% of the populace in the world.

Causes of Inflammatory Acne Vulgaris

Inflammatory acne vulgaris is believed to be caused by different variables. Overproduction of oil on the skin, called sebum, affected by hormonal changes and this, combined with the improper shedding of dead skin cells and plugs hair follicles. The clogged follicle winds up and inflames with increased development of skin bacteria, Propionibacterium acnes.

Inflammatory acne vulgaris, most of the times happens due to an oily skin with a blend of comedones, papules, and pustules, which comes soon after puberty and proceed for many years. Usually, they stop during teenage years, or mid-20s. However, phenomenally proceeding well till the adulthood.

Skin inflammation can cause serious mental issues, undermining confidence and self-esteem at a helpless time in life. Commonly recognized triggers of inflammatory acne vulgaris:

  • Puberty
  • Occlusive makeup products, lotions, and allergies
  • Hormonal changes that happen with the menstrual cycle or pregnancy
  • Sweating and high humidity
  • Sunlight’s anti-inflammatory effects.
  • Several types of drugs and chemicals.

Symptoms of Inflammatory Acne Vulgaris

Inflammatory acne vulgaris leads to a variety of lesions. The affected area includes the face, neck, back, and neck, where the most sebaceous glands are found. Along the jawline is a typical area in grown-ups.

Whiteheads- shut comedones and Blackheads- open comedones are follicular plugs that are either sitting beneath the skin surface or oxidized from being bared to the air. Examination in patients with inflammatory acne vulgaris consists of these elements:

  • Gentle skin breakout comprises of a couple of papules/ pustules as well as comedones.
  • Moderate inflammatory acne vulgaris has a huge number of lesions.
  • Serious skin break out has various papules, comedones, pustules, and sometimes have painful nodes.

Treatment for Inflammatory Acne Vulgaris

Treatment for Inflammatory Acne Vulgaris

  • Treatment for inflammatory acne vulgaris relies upon the patient’s gender and age, the seriousness of the skin inflammation, and reaction to past medical treatment.
  • Treatment for gentle skin break out can be done through topical anti-acne medications and lasers.
  • Treatment for moderate inflammatory acne vulgaris includes skin break antibiotics such as tetracyclines.
  • Treatment for extreme inflammatory acne vulgaris requires a course of oral isotretinoin.

Self-Care Guidelines for Inflammatory Acne Vulgaris

  • Products with “water-based” or “noncomedogenic” ingredients will help lessen clogged pores and reduce inflammatory acne vulgaris.
  • Wash down the affected skin with tender cleansers or soaps.
  • Avoid scrubbing, rubbing, picking and greasy items on the skin and in the scalp.
  • Adopting right eating regimen, like a low-glycemic diet and avoiding junk food has been highly recommended as a nonpharmacologic measure to treat inflammatory acne
    vulgaris. Also, drink lots of purified water.

Since the pathogenesis of skin breakout is not completely comprehended, it is fundamental that the dermatology medicinal services expert extend their therapeutic information on the present comprehension of the development of inflammatory acne vulgaris. So, viable treatment procedures might be investigated and applied without skepticism.

There is a requirement for Dermatologists to extend their insight into the method of reasoning for mixed treatment for the inflammatory acne vulgaris. And to comprehend the adequacy of dosage in the lessening of inflammatory acne vulgaris lesions and its severity and the decrease in skin dryness and irritation.


  1. “Acne Vulgaris” – An overview of acne vulgaris, its causes, and treatments. American Academy of Dermatology. Read more

  2. “Acne” – Information on acne and its treatment, including the role of sebum and hormonal changes. MedlinePlus, U.S. National Library of Medicine. Read more

  3. “Acne Vulgaris: Pathogenesis, Treatment, and Needs Assessment” – A comprehensive article discussing the pathogenesis and treatment of acne vulgaris. National Center for Biotechnology Information. Read more

  4. “What’s the Best Way to Treat Acne?” – Information on various treatments for acne, including topical medications and antibiotics. Verywell Health. Read more

  5. “Acne: Tips for Managing” – Tips for managing acne, including self-care guidelines and dietary recommendations. American Academy of Dermatology. Read more

  6. “Management of Acne Vulgaris” – A review of the management and treatment of acne vulgaris. National Center for Biotechnology Information. Read more

Also Read:

Team PainAssist
Team PainAssist
Written, Edited or Reviewed By: Team PainAssist, Pain Assist Inc. This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimer
Last Modified On:August 21, 2023

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