What Is Couperose Skin?
Couperose skin is a skin condition that is caused by the weakening of the blood vessels of the face and affects especially the cheek and nose.
It is a French word for chronic inflammatory skin disorder rosacea. Rosacea is a common skin condition among fair skin people. It is observed that between 2 to 22 percent of people with fair skin have rosacea(1).
Couperose skin occurs when the skin responds to heat, cold or different emotions or stimulants (such as alcohol). It responds by dilating the blood vessels of the face, increasing the blood flow, and then closing them when needed. Weakness in these blood vessels can lead to a struggle in closing causing redness.
Causes of Couperose Skin
Causes of couperose skin are not fully known but certain risk factors can lead to this appearance of the skin.
- Abrupt temperature change
- Tobacco and alcohol
- Heightened emotions
- Certain cosmetic products
- Consumption of corticosteroids
- Gender (females are more prone to couperose skin(2)
Symptoms of Couperose Skin
Couperose skin is more common in females with light skin, blonde hair, and blue eyes(2).
Symptoms experienced by those suffering from couperose skin are:
- Sensitive skin
- Visible blood vessels
- Facial redness and flushing
- Burning and stinging skin
- Dry, irritated, and swollen eyes
- Pimples and pustules
- Thickening of the skin on the nose
Couperose Skin Vs Rosacea
Couperose is a French word for rosacea. Both are synonyms and refer to a chronic inflammatory skin condition. The other symptoms are acne rosacea, facial erythrosis, copparosa, Kupferfinne.
Treatment For Couperose Skin
As there is no treatment for rosacea, the focus is on managing symptoms.
1. Avoid Triggers
Triggers that might cause a flare-up of couperose skin should be avoided. This can help minimize the symptoms.
Red wine, spicy foods, UV light, and alcohol are common triggers of this condition.
2. Skin Cream And Gels
In mild to moderate cases, doctors might recommend one of the several creams and gels that can be applied to the face.
Brimonidine, azelaic acid, and metronidazole are commonly recommended creams.
These have to be applied frequently. The effect of brimonidine is known to last up to 12 hours(3).
3. Pulsed Light Therapy
Pulsed light therapy is a type of laser that is used to shrink blood vessels.
In one to three treatments 50-75 percent reduction is visible(4). The results last from 3-5 years.
Pulsed light therapy has a mild side effect that includes temporary redness, loss of skin color, and bruising.
4. Acne Medication
If pimples and pustules occur and they are responding to gentle cleansers, the doctor may recommend oral antibiotics and other acne medications.
The oral antibiotics may kill the acne on the skin and reduce inflammation.
5. Kanuka Honey
Honey is known for its anti-inflammatory effects and can help manage the symptoms of Couperose skin.
A trial conducted to find the effect of honey on rosacea treatment found that after 8 weeks of applying Kanuka honey, people had significant improvement in the symptoms as compared to those given placebo.
Couperose is a synonym of rosacea that is a common inflammatory skin condition that can lead to redness on the face, visible blood vessels, and sensitive skin. The condition can be prevented by avoiding abrupt temperature changes and moisturizing the skin properly.
There are other similar conditions to Couperose syndrome which is why it is important to consult a doctor to get appropriate treatment.
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