What is Skin Asthma: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Prevention

Human skin is a susceptible organ and we need to take proper care and treat the skin gently to ensure healthy and glowing skin. The varying climatic condition, lifestyle, food consumption, and certain other factors can affect skin majorly.

What is Skin Asthma?

What is Skin Asthma?

Skin asthma is one of the common skin disorders, which affect the human kind. The common name for Skin Asthma is Eczema, and the medical term is Atopic Dermatitis. This condition of skin inflammation develops blisters on the skin surface and results in scaly skin. The person will develop dry and thick patches and itchy rashes on the skin when suffering from skin asthma.

In skin asthma, the affected area on the skin also becomes red, swollen and painful. It is essential to detect skin asthma at the right time and treat it before it worsens. If the skin asthma is left untreated, the symptoms will worsen and provoke itching. One needs to learn about the causes, symptoms, treatment, and prevention of skin asthma to get relief from this skin disorder.

What are the Causes of Developing Skin Asthma?

Skin is a barrier that protects the internal organs from the environmental changes, pollutants, and climatic condition. Several causes disrupt this ability of the skin and result in skin asthma or eczema and these are:

  • Extremely dry skin affects the skin’s barrier function and cause skin asthma.
  • Genetic mutation can also cause skin asthma.
  • Environmental conditions can also trigger skin asthma.
  • Certain foods like eggs, dairy products, nuts, soy products, wheat, and certain seeds also are responsible for triggering the symptoms of skin asthma.
  • Soaps, shampoos, fruit juices, detergents, disinfectants, meat or vegetable juice, can prove to be irritants provoking skin asthma.
  • Different allergens including pollens, pets, dandruff, dust mites, and mold can cause skin asthma.
  • Extremely hot and cold temperature, as well as high and low humidity, can cause skin asthma.

What are the Symptoms of Skin Asthma?

The symptoms of Skin Asthma or eczema vary from person-to-person. The common symptoms of Skin Asthma are. Itching, redness, dry and scaly skin, grainy appearance of the skin, blisters, pale patches, leathery and thick skin, small and raised bumps that leak fluid and crust when scratched.

The skin asthma symptoms commonly appear on the eyelids, neck, upper chest, hands, wrists, inside-bend of elbows, feet, ankles, and inside-bend of the knees. The symptoms of skin asthma appear on face and scalp in case of infants. The skin asthma signs also are common in underneath areas such as underarms and under the breasts.

What are the Best Treatment Options for Skin Asthma?

Skin Asthma has no particular treatment for curing this condition completely. The treatment for skin asthma aims to heal the affected skin areas and eliminate the itching and inflammation resulting from skin asthma. The best treatment techniques for skin asthma prevent discomfort and control the skin asthma symptoms from worsening. For the best treatment option of skin asthma, one needs to consult a specialized dermatologist.

The dermatologist will examine the symptoms of skin asthma and analyze the condition to prescribe the best effective medicines:

Topical Medications. The medication for treating skin asthma may include topical corticosteroid ointments and creams. Such ointments and creams are anti-inflammatory that help to relieve the symptoms of skin asthma or eczema. You need to apply the topical cream or ointment to the affected skin area.

Systemic Corticosteroids. When the topical creams prescribed by the doctor fail to act appropriately in treating the symptoms of skin asthma, the doctor prescribes Systemic

Corticosteroids. The Systemic Corticosteroids get either injected or taken orally. This prescribed treatment of skin asthma is for a short time only.

Antibiotics. If bacterial skin infection occurs along with Skin Asthma, the doctor will monitor the condition and prescribe antibiotics.

Anti-Fungal Medications. The doctor prescribes Antiviral and Antifungal medications for treating parallel viral and fungal infections after examining skin asthma.

Allergy Medicines. The dermatologist prescribes antihistamines to relieve itching in skin asthma and to prevent the risk of nighttime scratching.

Immunosuppressants. The doctor may prescribe Topical Calcineurin Inhibitors, which is a drug for suppressing the activities of the immune system that reduces inflammation and prevents flare-ups of skin asthma or eczema.

Moisturizers. If the skin is excessively dry, the doctor will prescribe barrier repair moisturizers to improve the symptoms of skin asthma.

The dermatologists prescribe the particular treatment plan after monitoring the symptoms of skin asthma. Consulting a doctor is the best option, as they will prescribe the effective treatment plan that will suit the condition.

What are the Prevention Measures After Treatment of Skin Asthma?

Moisturizing the skin twice in a day will help to lock the skin’s moisture! Make sure to use the products that go well with your skin type to prevent further flare ups of skin asthma.

  • Reduce exposure to triggering factors like sweat, stress, dust and pollen to prevent skin asthma.
  • Take lukewarm water bath instead of hot or cold water to prevent skin asthma.
  • For preventing skin asthma, use a mild soap or non-soap cleanser for washing. You can also use emulsifying ointment or add bath oils to the bath water instead of using soap.
  • Make sure to prevent using enzyme detergents and fabric softeners while washing clothes as the chemical components in the detergents may react on the skin and trigger irritation.
  • Avoid consuming certain foods that provoke allergic reactions. Note down the list of food that doesn’t suit your body and avoid them to prevent triggering skin asthma.
  • Avoid environmental conditions like extremely hot and cold. Direct sunlight, heat and cold will irritate skin asthma. You can use a humidifier in summer and winter.
  • Gently pat a towel to dry the skin instead of rubbing the affected area of skin asthma.
  • Keep the fingernails short to avoid scratching the affected area in skin asthma.


You can’t completely cure the condition of Skin Asthma following the treatment and prevention measures. Following the prevention measures, you can control the condition of Skin Asthma and prevent it from worsening. The medication measures prescribed by a dermatologist will reduce the symptoms and decrease the damage to the skin.

Also Read:

Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA
Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA
Written, Edited or Reviewed By: Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA Pain Assist Inc. This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimer
Last Modified On:April 8, 2022

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