What is Traveler's Fever?
Often at times when you have to travel abroad for a few weeks, especially in remote areas or countries which may not be hygienically appropriate, when returning home you may fall sick with fever. If this is the case, then it is not something which can be passed off as just another illness. This needs to be thoroughly investigated as Traveler's Fever may be caused due to certain infections, of which some may even be contagious and you may put other people at risk for contacting the infection.
Hence, if you have traveled abroad and developed Traveler's Fever, then you must consult a doctor and give details of your travel, so that it becomes easier for the doctor to identify the infection responsible for the fever and formulate a treatment plan. In case if the physician feels it to be suspicious for a contagious conditions, then you may even need to be quarantined till you recover from Traveler's Fever.
What are the Symptoms of Traveler's Fever?
Traveler's Fever tends to start during the trip or after you have returned home after the trip. Depending on the type of infection, it may take up to four to six weeks for the symptoms of Traveler's fever to fully evolve. In some cases, you may develop a fever four to six weeks after returning home from your trip.
Traveler's Fever may not be accompanied by any other symptoms, but depending on the infection that has been contracted the following symptoms may also be observed:
- Skin rash.
- Breathing difficulties.
- Abnormal bleeding.
- Altered awareness.
- Abdominal pain.
What are the Causes of Traveler's Fever?
Now coming to the various causes of Traveler's Fever, it is totally dependent on the area that you have traveled. The various infections that can be contracted, which may cause you to have Traveler's Fever have been explained in brief below.
Malaria: This condition is transmitted through mosquitoes and are quite prevalent in Africa, Asia, Gulf region, and South America.
Viral Hepatitis: This can also cause Traveler's Fever through hepatitis C, although hepatitis A, B, E, and D may also result in Traveler's Fever. Hepatitis A and E are transmitted through contaminated food and water, while hepatitis B and D are transmitted through unprotected sexual contact and sharing contaminated needles and syringes. This is most common in people who are habituated to recreational drugs. Hepatitis C can be transmitted through sharing contaminated needles and syringes. This condition is present throughout the world, but an individual is especially at risk when he or she is traveling in areas with poor sanitation facilities.
Dengue Fever: This condition is transmitted through mosquitoes and is also a cause for Traveler's Fever. This disease is particularly found in Asia, South America and the Caribbean islands
Typhoid: This is yet another cause for Traveler's Fever and is transmitted through contaminated food and water. You are most at risk for having this condition if you have been to Asia, Africa, and South America.
Salmonellosis: This is yet another common cause for Traveler's Fever. This disease is transmitted through contaminated foods, uncooked meat and seafood, poultry items like eggs and uncooked vegetables. This condition is spread globally, but is especially seen in developing countries.
Leptospirosis: This is yet another cause for Traveler's Fever. This condition is transmitted through contaminated food and water and through soil. This condition is present throughout the world, but is more prevalent in the tropical areas.