Ankle Joint Pain Is Caused By
- Ankle Joint Bursitis
- Ankle Joint Sprain
- Ankle Joint Tendonitis
- Ankle Joint Dislocation
- Ankle Joint Fracture
1. Ankle Joint Bursitis
- Ankle Joint Bursitis is a painful condition.
- Pain is observed with flexion, extension and rotation of the ankle.
- Subcutaneous Calcaneal bursa is extremely painful during insertion of foot in shoes, pressure or touch over back of the foot.
- Retrocalcaneal bursa is very painful during flexion and extension of ankle joint.
- Bursa of medial malleolus is painful during internal rotation.
2. Ankle Joint Sprain or Ligamental Tear
Severity of Ankle Joint Sprain is described as follows-
- Grade I Ankle Joint Sprain- Grade I ankle joint sprain is caused by mild to moderate injuries resulting in superficial scratch of the ligament.
- Grade II Ankle joint Sprain- Intermediate injury caused by partial tear or deep laceration of ligament.
- Grade III Ankle Joint Sprain- Severe injury of the ligament results in complete tear of the ligament.
3. Ankle Joint Tendonitis
Tendonitis is most often observed with following tendons-
- Achilles tendon.
- Peroneal tendon.
- Posterior tibial tendon.
Ankle Joint Tendon Tear
- Partial Tear of Tendon
- Complete Tear of Tendon
4. Ankle Joint Dislocation
Ankle joint dislocation without fracture is very rare. Ankle joint dislocations are as follows-
- Tibio-fibula Joint Dislocation
- Tibio-Talur Joint Dislocation
- Talo-Calcaneal Joint Dislocation
5. Ankle Joint Fracture
- Ankle joint fracture is often associated with ankle joint dislocation.
- Ankle twist during contact sport may follow a transmission of entire body weight through twisted ankle and results in fracture of ankle joint or fracture dislocation.
- Accelerated direct impact of ankle joint may result in ankle joint dislocation or fracture.