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Ankle Joint Pain Is Caused By

  1. Ankle Joint Bursitis
  2. Ankle Joint Sprain
  3. Ankle Joint Tendonitis
  4. Ankle Joint Dislocation
  5. Ankle Joint Fracture

1. Ankle Joint Bursitis

  • Ankle Joint Bursitis is a painful condition.
  • Pain is observed with flexion, extension and rotation of the ankle.
  • Subcutaneous Calcaneal bursa is extremely painful during insertion of foot in shoes, pressure or touch over back of the foot.
  • Retrocalcaneal bursa is very painful during flexion and extension of ankle joint.
  • Bursa of medial malleolus is painful during internal rotation.

2. Ankle Joint Sprain or Ligamental Tear

Severity of Ankle Joint Sprain is described as follows-

  • Grade I Ankle Joint Sprain- Grade I ankle joint sprain is caused by mild to moderate injuries resulting in superficial scratch of the ligament.
  • Grade II Ankle joint Sprain- Intermediate injury caused by partial tear or deep laceration of ligament.
  • Grade III Ankle Joint Sprain- Severe injury of the ligament results in complete tear of the ligament.

3. Ankle Joint Tendonitis

Tendonitis is most often observed with following tendons-

  • Achilles tendon.
  • Peroneal tendon.
  • Posterior tibial tendon.

Ankle Joint Tendon Tear

  • Partial Tear of Tendon
  • Complete Tear of Tendon

4. Ankle Joint Dislocation

Ankle joint dislocation without fracture is very rare. Ankle joint dislocations are as follows-

  • Tibio-fibula Joint Dislocation
  • Tibio-Talur Joint Dislocation
  • Talo-Calcaneal Joint Dislocation

5. Ankle Joint Fracture

  • Ankle joint fracture is often associated with ankle joint dislocation.
  • Ankle twist during contact sport may follow a transmission of entire body weight through twisted ankle and results in fracture of ankle joint or fracture dislocation.
  • Accelerated direct impact of ankle joint may result in ankle joint dislocation or fracture.

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