Episodes of severe vomiting without any apparent cause are cyclic vomiting syndrome also called chronic vomiting. Once such an episode is triggered, it can take hours or even days at a stretch. Here, we look at some of the commonest causes of chronic vomiting.
Causes of Chronic Vomiting
Found in all age groups, chronic vomiting usually starts in children aged 3- 7 years. While there are no specific causes of chronic vomiting, certain trigger factors have been identified. For better understanding, some of the triggers that act as causes of chronic vomiting, include the following:
#1. Infections: One of the commonest causes of chronic vomiting is infection, be it of any sort. Infections like colds, allergies, sinusitis and tooth decay can lead to a bout of vomiting.
#2. Excitement: An episode of vomiting can be initiated through a positive situation also, for example excitement, exaggerated responses like excessive laughter. This cause of chronic vomiting is more common among children.
#3. Stress, anxiety and panic attacks: When it comes to adults, the situation is reversed and stress and panic attacks too can be some of the causes of chronic vomiting. To sum it up any form of psychological extremity is not suitable for the patients susceptible to such vomiting.
#4. Caffeine: An excessive consumption of foods such as chocolates, coffee and even cheese can be one of the trigger causes of chronic vomiting. Mono Sodium Glutamate (MSG), a compound found commonly in many processed foods, consumption of which, can be also harmful for the patients of this disease.
#5. Overeating: Any extreme deviations in diet or particularly overeating is one of the causes of chronic vomiting. It also includes eating before going to bed (food that has not reached the digestive tract yet) and fasting. A patient of chronic vomiting needs to maintain complete vigilance with regard to the eating patterns to avoid this problem.
#6. Hot weather: A bout of vomiting may also start if the patient feels uncomfortable due to the rising temperatures. Rather any form of extreme temperature can cause the patients to start off another chapter of continuous vomiting. Be it the rising temperatures or the dripping ones both are considered as some of the causes of chronic vomiting.
#7. Physical exhaustion: Physical exhaustion, is yet another common cause of chronic vomiting. It works in the same way as a person who has overexerted due to exercise. Be it sports, gym or any other form of the exercise, it should be done in moderation, when a person is susceptible to a chronic vomiting.
#8. Menstruation: In women, menstruation is one of the commonest causes of chronic vomiting. Some may experience it just before the menses, as premenstrual syndrome while some may have it during menstruation days.
#9. Motion sickness: Another quite common cause of chronic vomiting is motion sickness. If the patient is travelling in a constricting vehicle most commonly a car, a bout of vomiting is likely to start. Similarly, a person suffering from vertigo too may experience the same.
#10. Lack of sleep: Sleep deprivation can be one of the surprising but possible causes of chronic vomiting. It is of utmost importance that a patient of this disease gets proper sleep. If the requirement of sleep is not satiated for a long period of time, the patient becomes more sensitive to the other triggers also.
#11. Alcohol consumption: Excessive alcohol consumption can also disrupt the system of a person and act as a cause of chronic syndrome. If the alcohol is consumed, it should be done in moderation and any excesses should be avoided, to refrain from the trouble.
#12. Chronic digestive problems – Apart from the other factors, chronic gastric problems and digestive difficulties, are another common causes of chronic vomiting.
While these are some of the possible causes of chronic vomiting, there may be some rare ones too. If the condition does not improve in a few days or with home remedies, it is best to seek medical advice. Timely diagnosis can prompt appropriate treatment.
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