Cardiomyopathy is either restrained to the heart or occurs as a part of theorized systemic disorder, both of which leads to cardiovascular death or ongoing heart failure-alike disabilities. Alternative diseases that account for heart muscle dysfunction are omitted, like as abnormalities of the heart valves, coronary artery disease, or hypertension. On several occasions, the elemental cause remains unexplored, but still in many case the cause may be detectable.

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A more scientific grouping of cardiomyopathy such as 'restrictive', ‘hypertrophied', 'dilated', etc have become troublesome to maintain due to some of the circumstances, which could fill also one of the division at any appropriate stage of their advancement.

What is the Main Cause of Cardiomyopathy?

Usually the root cause of the cardiomyopathies patient is unidentified, though in few people it occurs as the consequence of some another conditions or is passed on from a parent. The following are some of the components contributing towards developing cardiomyopathy. These include:

  • High blood pressure in a longer term
  • Damaged heart tissue from any previous heart attack
  • Family genes of cardiomyopathy, sudden cardiac arrest and heart failure
  • Chronic accelerated heart rate
  • Heart valve issues
  • Metabolic disorders including obesity, diabetes or thyroid disease; which makes your heart to work harder than before
  • Nutritional scarcity of essential minerals or vitamins like thiamin or say vitamin B-1
  • Pregnancy complexity

Some certain infections, exclusively those that can inflame your heart

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  • Iron growth in your heart muscle known as hemochromatosis
  • Sarcoidosis –this is a case which causes inflammation and results in lumps of cells advancing in your heart and some other organs
  • Amyloidosis –this is a disorder which causes the growth of some abnormal proteins
  • Connective tissue disorderliness
  • Drinking way too much of liquor from many years
  • Using amphetamines or anabolic steroids, cocaine
  • Using chemotherapy drugs and radiation for treating cancer.

Categories of cardiomyopathy consist of:

Dilated Cardiomyopathy: In this category of cardiomyopathy pumping potentiality of your heart's main pumping chamber, which is the left ventricle becomes dilated and fails to adequately pump out blood from your heart.

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Though this category can affect all people of any age group, it happens often mostly to the middle-aged ones and is expected to affect more on men. The utmost common reason is heart attack or coronary artery disease.

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: In this category which involves abnormal thickening of the heart muscle, notably affects the left ventricle, that is, muscle of the heart's main pumping chamber. Your thickened heart muscle makes it harder for your heart to function properly.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy develops irrespective of any age, though the status tends to be severely harmful if it becomes probable to occur during childhood. Mostly affected people are those who had a family history of such a disease and some genetic mutations which have been associated to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

Restrictive Cardiomyopathy: In this category, your heart muscle turn into rigid and less elastic, hence it can't broaden therefore occupying the blood amid heartbeats. This is the least general category of cardiomyopathy which can arise at any age, and is seen mostly amongst the old people.

Restrictive cardiomyopathy can arise for many unknown reasons, or it can be caused by some disease, which occurred somewhere else in your body and that very disease tends to affect your heart, like when iron constructs up in your heart muscle (which is also known as hemochromatosis).

Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia: In this unique category of cardiomyopathy, your muscle in the right ventricle (lower right heart chamber) is recalled by scar tissues, which leads to heart rhythm complications, which is often due to genetic mutations.

Unclassified Cardiomyopathy: As the name suggests, other categories of cardiomyopathy comes under this type.

Postpartum Cardiomyopathy: This is a different and an uncommon type of cardiomyopathy, where the woman after giving birth suffers due to heart failure while in the last months of their pregnancy. The muscles weaken due to enlargement of the heart chambers in the woman’s body.

Also Read:

Pramod Kerkar

Written, Edited or Reviewed By:

, MD,FFARCSI

Pain Assist Inc.

Last Modified On: May 18, 2018

This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimer

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