Many doctors impose a renal diet restriction. The reason for the introduction of the diet is to restrict the food taken by an individual who is prone to the symptoms that cause kidney diseases. With the help of the renal diet, it is possible to reduce the symptoms and prevent the occurrence of kidney failure. One can interpret the treatment as general with no salt, low potassium, and high protein content, meaning the individual will keep away from oranges, orange uses, bananas, baked potato, and tomatoes. Additionally, the doctor can introduce fluid restriction.
What are the Restrictions For a Renal Diet?
People with Diabetic Condition
The occurrence of kidney symptoms is due to high blood pressure (B.P) and diabetes. When the patient has diabetes, the doctor warrants a diabetic diet along with the renal diet restriction. The combination of the menu ensures that the sugar levels in the body are in control, which in turn helps in preventing the development of signs that pose a threat to the kidney damage. The diet includes consistent intake of carbohydrate. The dietician can change the consistency of carbohydrate intake from time to time. Additionally, there can also be lactose restriction imposed.
Liberalized Salt Diet
By opting for liberalized low-salt renal diet, reducing excessive fluid intake that has a severe effect on the functionality of the kidneys is possible. It is necessary for the dietician to provide the needed education related to the reduced intake of salt and keep away from salt shakers. Due to the malfunctioning of kidneys, it becomes tough for the kidneys to remove excess of sodium content from the body. Due to this, the individual develops high blood pressure and swelling, apart from increased damage to the existing functionality of the kidneys.
Reduction in Use of Dairy Products
A limit on consuming dairy products, especially milk, is necessary to reduce the presence of an excess of phosphorus content. Many of the dialysis centers limit the intake to 1/2 cup per day. Due to the improper functioning of the kidney, the body finds it difficult to keep the balance of calcium and phosphorus. Both the compounds are necessary to maintain good bone health. When there is an increase in phosphorus content, calcium levels decrease, and vice versa. Due to reducing calcium content, the body fills the gap by taking the required quantity from the bones. A better way to maintain the excellent condition of bone and kidney is by keeping away from aerated drinks, peanut butter, nuts, ice cream, chicken or beef liver, and caramels. Depending on the severity, the doctor may provide medications that help in blocking phosphorus absorption.
High Protein Diet
High protein diet is preferable for individuals who are on regular dialysis. Dialysis removes the presence of albumin, which is an important compound that helps in the growth and repair of tissue. During dialysis, albumin helps in promoting the excess fluid content present in the swollen tissues. The only way to replace the amount of lost albumin is by increasing its content by choosing high protein diet. The diet includes eggs, meat, and fish. It is equally important to watch the consumption of legumes and nuts. For individuals who are facing difficulty in acquiring the needed albumin, the doctor prefers the addition of protein supplements that help in filling the albumin levels in the blood. Many dieticians recommend high protein diet for breakfast or lunch.
A renal diet restriction imposed by a doctor varies from one resident to another. The reason for this is the change in the functionality of the kidneys and their effect on the overall health system. Listening to the facility dietician is the best way to reduce damage to the kidneys.