Troponin tests primarily diagnose the problem of heart attack and rules out various other conditions possessing more or less similar types of signs as well as symptoms. In this case, doctors perform either of the troponin T or troponin I test. Despite the concentration in the two cases are different, they mainly provide more or less the same information. Both troponin T and troponin I are proteins remain present in the muscles of a human heart and released in the blood whenever the heart is in damaged condition.
High Levels of Troponin
High levels of troponin present in humans or even its minor elevations may indicate cardiac/heart damages in patients to some extent. Whenever a person has troponin levels in significantly elevated condition and particularly, because of the increase from a series of troponin tests performed for many hours, the person would likely suffer from the problem of heart attack or any other similar type of heart damages.
Troponin levels may elevate in human blood within a period of about 3 hours to 4 hours after a patient suffers an injury in the heart and will remain in an elevated condition for minimum 10 days to maximum 14 days. Moreover, elevated levels of troponin in angina patients will indicate their worsening condition and increased risks related to heart attack.
Along with this, you will find elevated levels of Troponin with various other cardiac problems or heart conditions. These include inflammation of the heart also referred as myocarditis, weakening of one’s heart or cardiomyopathy, heart failure in congestive way and other conditions, such as kidney problems and severe body infections.
What Causes High Levels of Troponin?
Now, let us have a look on the major causes of high levels in the Troponin Test.
Myocarditis Can Cause High Levels of Troponi
Myocarditis inflammatory type of disease occurs in the myocardium of patients with a wide variety of clinical presentations, including the subtle one to devastating issue. This problem may affect to the heart muscles of humans and their electrical systems to cause the reduction in the ability of the human heart to pump. In this way, the problem further results in abnormal or rapid heart rhythms or arrthythmias.
Pericarditis Can also Cause High Levels of Troponin
Pericarditis can also cause high levels of troponin. Pericarditis indicates the inflammation in the pericardium of a patient i.e. a two thin layer of sac type tissue. It surrounds the patient’s heart to keep it in the right place and allows its proper functions.
Another problem that causes high levels of troponin is aortic dissection. Aortic dissection indicates a separation of various layers, which remain present in the human’s aortic walls. Intimal layer tears lead to either distally or proximally propagation of the dissection secondary to the blood that enters the space in the human’s intima-media.
Endocarditis may also cause high levels of troponin. Endocarditis indicates an endocardium infection, which refers to the inner lining present in the heart valves and heart chambers of a patient. This problem mainly takes place whenever germs, including the fungi and the bacteria from any other part of the human body, like mouth spread into the stream of the blood and attach to the heart have damaged areas. If you fail to treat this problem quickly endocarditis may cause severe damages to the heart valves resulting in life-threatening complications.
Pulmonary Embolism or Pulmonary Emboli
Pulmonary embolism or pulmonary emboli also causes high levels of troponin. The problem of pulmonary embolism often takes place from thrombi, which originate within the deep venous system consisting of lower extremities. However, these rarely originate in the renal, pelvic, upper extreme veins and right chambers of the human heart. After they travel towards the lungs, large thrombi may lodge at the division of the prime pulmonary artery to cause the problem of hemodynamic compromise.