About Blood Clot :
Blood clots occur when the blood thickens leading to the formation of semisolid clumps. Mostly they are harmless and occur to protect the body from bleeding too much (during any injury).
A blood clot formed in an artery or vein may lead to significant problems as the blood flow, past the clot, is decreased.
There are various factors which can lead to the formation of a blood clot such as:
- Prolonged immobility which mostly occurs during a car or a plane ride.
- Smokers are at risk of getting clot easily
- Medications such as birth control pills
- Surgeries especially the orthopedic procedures when the casts of splints are placed which demands immobility from the patient
- An inherited blood clotting disorders
- People with high cholesterol are at risk of blood clots
- Trauma or local injury increases the risk of blood clots
- Heart conditions such as atrial fibrillation and disturbed heart rhythm
Symptoms of a Blood Clot
Symptoms of a blood clot depend on their location in the body. Sometimes the blood clots formed do not produce any symptoms until they get dislodged and travel to some other site and sometimes the symptoms are actually to be alert about.
Symptoms Of Blood Clots In The Legs Include:
An Arterial Blood Clot Symptoms Include:
- Pale color
- Loss of sensation
- Cold to touch limbs
Clots In Lungs Show The Following Symptoms:
A Blood Clot In The Artery Of The Brain Include:
- Loss of speech
- Loss of vision
- Weakness in one side of the body
A Blood Clot In The Artery Show The Symptoms As:
A Blood Clot In The Artery Supplying The Intestine Include:
- Abdominal pain
- Blood in stool
Symptoms of Blood Clot You Should Never Ignore
The following blood clot symptoms should not be ignored as they are actually the ones to be treated ASAP.
Swelling in One Arm Or Leg
In deep vein thrombosis the clot forms in the vein making it difficult for the blood to get back to the heart. The pressure build-up causes the fluid to spread in the tissue in the leg. This makes one leg look puffier than the other, below the knee.
Warm to Touch Leg and Arm
- Reduced blood flow from the limbs to the heart leads to fluid build up in the tissues causing inflammation, warmth, and redness.
- The limb appears red and patchy. Also, a blood clot can be present without swelling or redness.
Increased Heart Rate With Shortness Of Breath
The condition causing an increase in heart rate can be pulmonary embolism when the clot has traveled to the lung. The patient might feel worked up even while not exercising. In such cases, the heart beats faster to get more oxygen pumped to the body.
The heart rate in such cases shows greater than 100 beats per minute.
The Feeling Of Having A Panic Attack
- A patient while experiencing pulmonary embolism obviously feels anxious. This leads to dizziness and lightheadedness, which is often misdiagnosed in females.
- The condition is known as a panic attack with a sense of impending doom like you’re going to die.
- It is therefore important to explain to the doctor whatever symptoms you are feeling. It helps in better management.
Sharp Pain In The Chest
In pulmonary embolism, there is a need to take a deep breath, which brings about a sharp and sudden pain in the chest.
It is different from the feeling of a heart attack where the patient feels dull ache or pressure as if a heavy load is kept on the chest.
Coughing Up Of Blood
A clot results in inflammation and fluid build-up in the lungs causing the patient to cough up blood. The symptoms are also seen in pneumonia but are usually a symptom of inflammation after pulmonary embolism.
Blood clots are not easily spotted but there are certain symptoms which if present should be immediately bought under the notice of a healthcare physician for the early diagnosis and treatment and to prevent any complications.
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