Being pregnant is one of the best feelings that you can have. The pleasure of carrying your baby in your womb is just unmatched and you cannot have a better experience than this one. But at the same time, it is also one of the toughest phases and you need to be very careful about developing any sort of problems that can cause damage you or your child. High blood pressure during pregnancy can be really bad for the health of both, you and your baby. Know the causes of high blood pressure to avoid them and learn how to manage high blood pressure during pregnancy.
There have been cases in the past when high blood pressure during the pregnancy period has caused abortions and some severe problems to the mother as well. Many natural ways to manage high blood pressure like yoga, meditation, massages and exercises have been found to be useful in addition to medical advice.
How to Manage High Blood Pressure during Pregnancy?
Pregnancy is a natural process and most women enjoy it, however, some may have medical problems and may require appropriate treatment or rest. It advisable to seek medical advice and get yourself evaluated to enjoy a health pregnancy.
Some ways to manage high blood pressure during pregnancy include
Medications - For hypertension or high blood pressure in pregnancy, your doctor will advise you to take necessary medications to control blood pressure. It is important to know the ways your body reacts to increased blood pressure for some may have headache or uneasiness, etc. and seek immediate medical help, if required. It is also important to know about any specific restrictions during pregnancy considering your health condition.
Maintaining Ideal Weight Can Help Manage High Blood Pressure during Pregnancy- Seek professional advice and work on maintaining an ideal weight before getting pregnant. While during pregnancy, you can continue with regular exercises and nutritious diet, so as to ensure proper growth and development of the baby as well.
Exercise - As it is necessary to remain fit and healthy during pregnancy it is important to exercise regularly and remain physically active to manage high blood pressure during pregnancy. Lack of activity not only affects your weight but also leads to health problems. Natural exercises can help in shedding down the weight and regular exercises can keep you active and fresh.
Nutrition – Nutritious diet is very important during pregnancy, however, for high blood pressure, it is necessary to take a diet with moderate amount of salt. Maintain a balance of water and other ingredients, consume fresh fruits and vegetables and plan a healthy diet.
Stress Management – Practice yoga, meditation, relaxation techniques and breathing exercises under expert's guidance. These have proved to be effective during pregnancy period and assisted in managing high blood pressure with ease. Music can also be a great option to manage stress and high blood pressure and has been very helpful in the recent times. You can turn to prenatal massages which are extremely helpful in relaxing your body and can help you to have a better health.
But being aware about this condition and the causes of high blood pressure during pregnancy can help manage it better.
Causes of High Blood Pressure during Pregnancy
Many factors influence high blood pressure during pregnancy.
Excessive Weight Can Cause High Blood Pressure during Pregnancy
One of the major causes of blood pressure problems during pregnancy is excessive weight, which influences the agility and metabolism of your body. Excessive weight can have a great impact on the health of a pregnant lady. This adds to the pressure on the blood vessels and increases the workload on the heart. Being overweight not only increases the risk of high blood pressure but also other pregnancy complications and health issues. Increased weight makes you more inactive and you tend to move lesser than you should to remain fit during pregnancy.
Lack of Physical Activity
Lack of physical activity or exercise during pregnancy can make the muscles of the body weak, reduce stamina, immunity and increase risk of many health problems. Lack of exercise is one of the important causes of high blood pressure during pregnancy.
Another major reason which is held responsible for increased blood pressure during pregnancy is smoking habit. Smoking has a very bad impact on the immune system and can also be harmful to the baby in the womb.
High Blood Pressure during Pregnancy Caused Due to Stress
Stress is believed to be a major cause of high blood pressure during pregnancy. This unnecessary stress can have fatal effects in addition to causing the blood pressure problems. The common reason behind the stress during pregnancy could be hormonal changes, alterations in lifestyle or an underlying medical problem, which may be troublesome during pregnancy.
Other Causes of High Blood Pressure during Pregnancy
Few other risk factors and causes of high blood pressure during pregnancy are identified.
- Advancing age increases the risk of many complications in pregnancy including high blood pressure
- Genetic problems, particularly of kidney or hypertension in pregnant ladies or immediate family members
- Pregnancy where the lady bears more than one child or twin pregnancy, as it increases the work load for increased demand
- Pregnancy achieved using assistive technologies or after fertility treatment
Most steps to maintain a healthy pregnancy begin much before the lady conceives. Following a healthy lifestyle with regular exercise and healthy diet helps to prevent complications and high blood pressure during pregnancy.