Peripheral artery disease indicates various diseases and underlying symptoms of the blood vessels present outside of the brain and heart. They mainly take place because of fatty buildups or deposits within the arteries. In some cases, doctors refer to peripheral artery disease as peripheral vascular disease, in which the problem involves both veins and arteries. Peripheral artery disease affects the human’s blood vessels and makes them narrow. In this way, it restricts the flow of blood towards the arms, stomach, kidneys, and legs.(1)
What Are The Ways To Prevent Peripheral Artery Disease?
You have to bring certain changes in your daily schedule to follow an active and healthy lifestyle and in turn, to prevent your peripheral artery disease. These include the following-
Avoid Smoking: If you are in the habit of cigarette or tobacco smoke, you should make sure to quit your smoking habits.
Handle Cholesterol, Glucose, And Blood Pressure Levels: You should involve in certain exercises and follow suitable diet plans to control your cholesterol level, blood pressure, and glucose levels. If possible, you should discuss with your doctor and nutritionist about the right steps to control your sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol.
Regular Exercise: Even if you have normal blood pressure and blood glucose levels, you should never forget exercising regularly. However, before you should start any activity or workout in a fitness center, you should discuss with your doctor about the appropriate exercise program.
Weight Loss Plan: You should make sure to follow low cholesterol and low-fat diet by having fruits and green vegetables in high amounts. Especially, if you are obese or overweight, you should discuss with your doctor and other health experts for developing a suitable weight loss plan.(2)
Does Peripheral Artery Disease Reoccur?
Yes, peripheral artery disease may recur and the underlying reason is that it takes place due to atherosclerosis. Here, atherosclerosis implies the formation of fatty deposits i.e. plaques within arteries. With the buildup of plaque, walls of blood vessels become thick to make the passage narrow and reduce the flow of blood. Indeed, peripheral artery disease leads to less supply of oxygen and other essential nutrients to different parts of the body.
Other than this, whenever a person has peripheral artery disease because of blockage, it leads to critical limb ischemia. Accordingly, you experience-
- Cramping or pain for about three to four weeks while resting or lying on a bed
- Non healing wounds in the form of gangrene or ulcers in both of your legs
- Peripheral artery disease patients suffering from critical limb ischemia also experience other types of severe cerebral and cardiovascular diseases.(3)
You have to follow certain preventative steps to avoid the condition and symptoms of peripheral artery disease. On the other side, peripheral artery disease recurs and in some cases, it leads to critical limb ischemia.
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