What Are Fibroids?
Noncancerous tumors that grow in and around the uterus are known as fibroids. They can be very small or big (bigger than a grapefruit).
Fibroids need hormones to grow and they typically stop growing at menopause. They are more likely to occur at the age of 40-50 years.(1) Those who start menstruating early are more likely to have fibroids. Also, those who have never been pregnant have more chances of getting fibroids.
Fibroids lead to heavy bleeding and pain along with other symptoms. Sometimes there are no symptoms at all.
There are different treatment options for fibroids. Most people opt for minimally invasive procedures to treat these growths.
Vaginal discharge is affected before or after the treatment. Mostly the cases are recorded of fibroid tissue being discharged after the treatment.
Does Fibroids Cause Discharge?
Fibroids may or may not cause symptoms depending on the size and location. Fibroids can lead to heavy menstrual bleeding.
Signs of heavy bleeding include:
- Need to change the pad or tampon frequently
- Having longer periods that last for more than 7 days
- Discharge of clots that are of the size of a quarter or bigger
Fibroid can lead to bleeding in between the periods, which is known as breakthrough bleeding.
Fibroids grow anywhere inside and around the uterus. Research show, if fibroids grow inside the uterine wall, abnormal bleeding is more likely to occur.(2)
There is an increase in vaginal discharge because of fibroids. Mostly the discharge is water but can appear pinkish due to bleeding.
Few other symptoms that are experienced by people having fibroids are:
- Heaviness in the abdomen
- Pain and discomfort in the lower back
- Frequent desire for urination, when the fibroids put pressure on the bladder
Is it Possible to Pass Fibroid Tissue?
Yes, it is possible to pass fibroid tissue, but it’s a rare case.
A study was done on 400 people who underwent fibroid embolization.(3) It was found that 2.5% passed some tissue. It occurred during the first year of fibroid embolization.
There is another published study of fibroid tissue being passed 3 years after uterine fibroid embolization(4)
Fibroid tissue is also known to pass focused ultrasound, a treatment that destroys fibroid tissue using high-intensity ultrasound. But, not everyone undergoing the procedure experience it.
Signs of Fibroid Tissue Discharge
Vaginal bleeding is a normal sign that lasts for few days or few weeks.
If the fibroid tissue discharge occurs after undergoing any minimally invasive fibroid treatment, there is not necessarily a problem.
After fibroid treatment, there is a small risk of infection that is characterized by a strong foul smell. Make sure to speak with a doctor if it happens.
If a lot of blood or tissue is passed, more procedures might be needed. There are a few signs that a person needs to watch out for:
- Heavy bleeding
- Unpleasant smelling discharge
- Sudden onset of bleeding after the post-procedure bleeding is stopped
What Are the Treatment Options for Discharge?
If the discharge has a foul-smelling odor, antibiotics are prescribed by the doctor as it may indicate infection.
Dilatation and curettage (D and C) can also be performed to control bleeding and remove any remaining fibroid tissue.
Always speak with a doctor if there is any kind of unusual discharge.
Uterine fibroids are common and can lead to heavy bleeding between periods. There are different procedures to treat them. They may not be much of a problem unless there is significant bleeding, significant tissue discharge, or a sign of infection.