Infertility is the term given to a medical condition in which a couple has problems related to the conception in spite of indulging in regular unprotected sex. It is estimated that 84% of couples conceive naturally in a year if they continue to have regular unprotected sex in every 2-3 days. Infertility can occur due to problems in both males and females. Women may be infertile due to irregular ovulation, blocked fallopian tubes, or uterine problems like endometriosis. Poor quality semen is the main reason for infertility in men. Infertility can be treated successfully by medical or surgical intervention or both.
What Is The Best Treatment For Infertility?
When a couple cannot conceive even after regular unprotected sex, the condition is called infertility. It depends on the fertility of male and female both. Most couples conceive naturally in a year if they are involved in unprotected sexual intercourse every 2-3 days. 80% of the cases of infertility are caused by female fertility problems either ovulation problem, blockage of fallopian tubes, uterine problems in females or sperm problem in males. There are only 5 to 15 % of cases of infertility, where the causes are not clear even after all the tests are normal.
The treatment of Infertility depends on the following-
- The causes of infertility
- Duration of infertility
- Age of the couple
- Personal preferences
Best Treatment For Females
Females may require one or more therapies to gain fertility and have a successful conception or pregnancy. These best treatments are-
Fertility Drugs– these drugs are the first line of treatment. They stimulate ovulation in the patients where ovulation is the main cause of infertility. They promote or control ovulation.
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)- this is the procedure in which healthy sperms are released in the uterus at the time of ovulation. It is done when one or more eggs are released to stimulate fertilization directly with sperms. The time of IUI is decided according to the causes of infertility, normal menstrual cycle or fertility medicines.
Surgery– surgery is selected in cases of uterine problems such as an endometrial polyp, intrauterine scar or uterine septum. Hysteroscopic surgery can treat these conditions.
Best Treatment For Males
Males face general sexual problems like erectile dysfunction or lack of healthy sperms or sperm count. Best treatment can be given by following ways-
Modification Of Lifestyle Factors– a lifestyle of males’ such as alcoholism, food habits, smoking, medicines, etc may impact a lot on the chances of pregnancy. It affects the frequency or timing of intercourse and fertility. Modification of such lifestyle improves the fertility and support healthy conception.
Medicines– testosterone replacement therapy may improve hormonal imbalances in males, sperm count and production of semen. Certain medicines also elevate the quality of sperm and testicular function.
Sperm Retrieval– there are certain techniques by which sperms can be collected or stored when ejaculation is a problem. In Assisted reproductive techniques, these techniques are extensively applied.
Surgery– in certain cases, where there is sperm blockage or varicocele, surgery becomes the only options to restore fertility.
Assisted Reproductive Technology – assisted reproductive technology (ART) is one of the best treatments in which mature egg and sperm are tackled. IVF (in vitro fertilization) is the best technique that sorts out conception problems. In this technique, the eggs from female are stimulated and retrieved. These eggs are artificially fertilized in the laboratory with the male’s sperm. The fertilized egg is then implanted in the uterus after 3 to 5 days of fertilization. If there is any problem with the eggs or sperms of the couple, then egg or sperm may be chosen from an anonymous donor.
Infertility is defined by unsuccessful conception or pregnancy despite regular unprotected sex. Modification of lifestyle, certain medicines, hormonal therapies, surgery etc . are the ways to treat infertility. IVF is the best treatment for infertility.
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