What are the Recommended Lifestyle Changes for Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) or Intracranial Injury?

For a person with a mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) or intracranial injury such as concussion, the person is bound to feel depressed, anxious and irritable. The person may not be able to function as before, therefore, the person gets angry, depressed and irritated. This situation can be overcome by doing some less stressful exercises, socializing and doing some of the things he/she previously enjoyed doing. If the person has mood swings, he/she should consult the doctor.

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) or Intracranial Injury

It is also very important that the person learns the conditions involved in concussion and the things expected. This will help the patient cope with the conditions without worrying or feeling bad about themselves. The person needs to adjust to the situation and bear in mind that his condition of traumatic brain injury (TBI) or intracranial injury will improve gradually with time.

The following activities and lifestyle will help improve your mood, reduce stress and recover faster from traumatic brain injury (TBI) or intracranial injury:

  • Mingle with family and friends
  • Reduce the amount of caffeine you take by avoiding all foods that contain great amount of caffeine is an essential lifestyle change for traumatic brain injury (TBI) or intracranial injury.
  • Get plenty of sleep
  • Make sure you eat balanced diet
  • Engage in daily activities you enjoy and that will relax you
  • Another excellent lifestyle change for traumatic brain injury (TBI) or intracranial injury is to make sure you achieve one thing at a time and take some rest on intervals.
  • Engage in some exercises that are not overwhelming and stressful. Consult your doctor advice on the kind of exercises that are right for you for traumatic brain injury (TBI) or intracranial injury.

What is the Rehab for Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) or Intracranial Injury?

Severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) or intracranial injury usually leads to inability to use some motor and sensory organs even after treatment. In this situation, they will have to learn again how to walk and talk so that they can be able to fulfill their daily routines. This is where rehab can help for the patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) or intracranial injury in recovering faster.

What is the Rehab for Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) or Intracranial Injury?

The TBI patients will be subjected to series of therapeutic activities in the rehab facility to hasten recovery period. Rehab therapy will start in the hospital, and later transferred to the patient's home or rehabilitation centers. Rehab therapy may last for as long as the patient is able to relearn lost skills and recover back to normal life.

Some physical, emotional, and mental conditions a traumatic brain injury (TBI) or intracranial injury patient may experience include:

  • Inability to make meaning of words
  • Difficulty knowing the words to speak
  • Memory loss could be experienced in traumatic brain injury (TBI) or intracranial injury which is short-term or long-term
  • Inability to engage in meaningful conversation
  • Inability to pay attention for a long time
  • Faulty judgment is observed in traumatic brain injury (TBI) or intracranial injury.
  • Often disoriented and unorganized
  • Difficulty concentrating in one task at a time
  • Inability to taste or perceive
  • Speech may be either slow or indistinct
  • Difficulty in body balance is also seen in traumatic brain injury (TBI) or intracranial injury.
  • Recurring seizures
  • Vision may become doubled or unclear
  • Migraine or severe headaches is possible in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) or intracranial injury.
  • Tiredness and the need to sleep often
  • Weakness or stiffness of the muscle.

Physical therapy and rehabilitation centers are very important programs for patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) or intracranial injury to recover fast. Rehabilitation centers for traumatic brain injury (TBI) or intracranial injury will teach the patients various ways they can improve their damaged body parts, to learn how to walk, and talk again. Families and other professionals should be involved in rehabilitating the patient.

So many specialists are usually involved in the rehabilitation process for traumatic brain injury (TBI) or intracranial injury. These include:

  • Physiatrist for traumatic brain injury (TBI) or intracranial injury is a doctor who is responsible for the whole process of rehabilitation, prescribes medications and ensures the patient adheres to treatment.
  • Physical Therapist for traumatic brain injury (TBI) or intracranial injury helps the patient learn all motor activities, such as balance, pattern of movement, and the ability to walk again.
  • Neuropsychologist for traumatic brain injury (TBI) or intracranial injury provides emotional and psychological treatments, so the person can learn to manage emotional behaviors and cope with situations.
  • Social Worker for traumatic brain injury (TBI) or intracranial injury provides the patient with social integration and readjustment to social life and support for needs.
  • Speech and Language pathologist for traumatic brain injury (TBI) or intracranial injury assists the patient in learning how to talk in the person's language, how to respond to communication and the articulation of words to form the correct meaning.
  • Recreational Therapist for traumatic brain injury (TBI) or intracranial injury helps the patient learn recreational activities and how to manage time.
  • Vocational Counselor for traumatic brain injury (TBI) or intracranial injury provides advice and guardians in helping the patient adjust to work life and on choosing the right kind of vocational for him/her.
  • Rehabilitation Nurse for traumatic brain injury (TBI) or intracranial injury provides continuing care both in the hospital in the rehabilitation center.
  • Traumatic Brain Injury Specialist for traumatic brain injury (TBI) or intracranial injury ensures that family members and the patient understand the situation and adjust to changes in the patient's conditions so that they are able to cope and help him/her recover quickly.

Also Read:

Written, Edited or Reviewed By:

, MD, FFARCSI

Last Modified On: May 3, 2016

Pain Assist Inc.

Pramod Kerkar
  Note: Information provided is not a substitute for physician, hospital or any form of medical care. Examination and Investigation is necessary for correct diagnosis.

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