What is Congenital Heart Disease in Adults?

Congenital heart disease in adults is related to the defects in the structure of heart which is inherited by birth. Technological advances have helped the children suffering from the problem of congenital heart disease to a lead a long life into the adulthood.

What is Congenital Heart Disease in Adults?

Although the surgery is used for rectification during the childhood, patients will have to periodically follow up for congenital heart disease even when they are growing up or else it will lead to the situation of congenital heart disease in adults. People should access the treatment to get relief in an easy and hassle free manner.

Is It Safe for Adults with Congenital Heart Disease to Exercise?

Managing congenital heart disease in adults is not easy but adults with congenital heart disease should lead a physically active life because it helps to reduce the pressure on the heart. As a result the blood pressure is under control and one can ward off diseases such as diabetes along with cancer and depression. Medical consultants collaborate with the patients to chart out the customized physical activity program for congenital heart disease in adults.

Women with Congenital Heart Disease

Women suffering from congenital heart disease during adulthood should consult the medical specialists when they are pregnant. It is important to adhere to the rules and regulations in managing congenital heart disease in adults. Doctors handling the issue should belong to the obstetrics department.

Couples facing the problems of fetal recurrence should immediately contact the doctors before using birth control pills. The medicine should be checked in advance so that teratogenicity does not occur. Women with congenital heart disease during adulthood and who have been affected from pulmonary hypertension and eisenmengers' syndrome are vulnerable to maternal mortality. Doctors provide consultation and suggestions to the patients to ward off pregnancies.

If lesions are visible, pregnancy can be managed however the probability of successful child birth is extremely low. Shunt lesions do not have any significant effect on the adult women with congenital heart disease. Filters need to be monitored while the child birth is taking place. Antibiotics would go a long way in providing health benefits to the congenital heart disease in adults. For congenital heart disease in adults the vaginal delivery is the best mode for child birth.

If the lesion belongs to the high grade category, doctors recommend caesarian delivery. It would help to prevent the instances of valsalva maneuvers occurring during the birth pain for congenital heart disease in adults. The problem can quickly snowball into Hemodynamic disease which is life threatening.

Causes of Congenital Heart Disease in Adults

Congenital heart disease in adults is a problem which can occur in spite of surgery when you were a child.

According to experts, in majority of cases congenital heart disease in adults occurs prior to the child birth. The gestation period witnesses the creation of the heart in the form of a tube. Later on different structures such as tubes and blood vessels develop over a period of time. They are important for the seamless functioning of the heart. Therefore, the heart defects tend to occur when the structures are forming or taking shape. Experts are of the view that medications along with genetic defects are one of the possible reasons to cause problems of congenital heart disease in adults.

Why Congenital Heart Disease Resurfaces in Adulthood or Why Congenital Heart Disease in Adults?

The answer to why congenital heart disease in adults is- no proper follow up once the congenital heart disease is treated during childhood. Many people suffer from congenital heart disease during adulthood in spite of going through surgery when they were young. One of the reasons is that the congenital heart disease can be controlled but it cannot be completely cured. Therefore, one should make sure to monitor the health of the patients throughout their life.

Another cause that congenital heart disease in adults resurfaces is due to the worsening of the symptoms over a period of time. There are instances when people had successful surgery during child hood but the problem occurred when they reached adulthood. One of the complications arising out of surgery is the formation of scar tissues. It might lead to the abrupt heart rhythm over a period of time and can cause congenital heart disease in adults. Congenital heart disease in adults is a serious problem and one should immediately consult the doctor when the symptoms arise.

Signs and Symptoms of Congenital Heart Disease in Adults

Congenital heart disease in adults can occur even if you had surgery in the past during child hood. Some of the symptoms of congenital heart disease in adults are as follows:

  • Irregular rhythm of the heart is a symptom of congenital heart disease in adults.
  • Blue pigments on the skin or cyanosis is a symptom of congenital heart disease in adults.
  • Breathlessness, fatigue, dizziness and swelling in the body are all the other signs and symptoms of congenital heart disease in adults.

When to See a Doctor for Congenital Heart Disease in Adults?

Chest pain accompanied by breathlessness requires medical attention for congenital heart disease in adults. If you are suffering from above mentioned symptoms or underwent surgery in the past for congenital heart disease, contact your doctor.

The medical consultant might pose various sets of questions to properly diagnose congenital heart disease in adults:

  • Details about the symptoms of congenital heart disease in adults and its time of occurrence.
  • Persistent or recurring symptoms.
  • Severity of the symptoms in congenital heart disease in adults.
  • Treatment that can improve the wellbeing.
  • Triggers that worsen the symptoms.
  • Did the patient undergo surgery in the past?
  • Vitamins along with supplements consumed by the patient.
  • Regular diet and the degree of physical activity?

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Written, Edited or Reviewed By:

, MD, FFARCSI

Last Modified On: May 4, 2016

Pain Assist Inc.

Pramod Kerkar
  Note: Information provided is not a substitute for physician, hospital or any form of medical care. Examination and Investigation is necessary for correct diagnosis.

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