Gilbert syndrome is a hereditary disease that is characterized by a slight elevation in the levels of bilirubin in the blood caused by a mutation in a liver enzyme called glucuronyl transferase. It affects males more than females. It represents jaundice which is marked by yellowish discoloration of the skin, nails, and eyes due to high levels of bilirubin. In this, the liver is incapable to perform its functions properly. This disease comes and goes by itself with no requirement of treatment.
What is the Best Diet for Gilbert Syndrome?
Gilbert syndrome is a common inherited condition in which liver enzymes are unable to metabolize bilirubin (byproduct produced from the breakdown of hemoglobin of red blood cells). This condition also comes under constitutional hepatic dysfunction and familial nonhemolytic jaundice. The abnormal function of liver enzyme namely glucuronyl transferase leads to a slight increase in the levels of bilirubin in the blood especially after consumption of alcohol, starvation or dehydration.
Males are more affected than females. Gilbert syndrome is usually diagnosed at the teenage after puberty. The situations like starvation, alcohol consumption, dehydration, infection, stress, or inadequate sleep can trigger Gilbert syndrome. The disorder has an episodic occurrence of mild jaundice, particularly in eyes. The other symptoms of the problem are-
- Feeling of sickness
- Abdominal pain
- Reduced or no appetite
- IBS (irritable bowel syndrome)
One in three people with Gilbert syndrome does not feel any symptom of the disease. Although treatment is not required for Gilbert syndrome, still patient feel jaundice for long, medical help must be opted to check other causes of jaundice.
According to researchers, any specific alterations in the diet are not necessary for people with Gilbert Syndrome. According to experts, the best diet for Gilbert Syndrome is a healthy balanced diet that comprises of fresh raw vegetables and fruits with avoidance of alcohol. One should develop the habit of drinking lots of water to prevent dehydration.
The best diet for gilbert syndrome is following-
Raw Fruits and Vegetables- introducing plenty of raw fruits and vegetables like green leafy vegetables, orange, yellow or red colored vegetables can enrich our body with enzymes, natural antibiotic substances, vitamin C and anti-cancer phytonutrients can improve the overall health of the liver.
Fats- limitation of fatty foods such as fatty meats, deep fried food, full-cream dairy products, vegetable oils, etc is necessary to avoid high workload on the liver and gallbladder. Good fats can supply necessary fats in more healthy manner, these are oats, almond, soymilks, avocados, sesame seeds, raw fresh nuts, legumes, flaxseeds, sea fish like salmon, sardines, tuna herrings, etc. and pumpkin seeds. Good fats supply essential fatty acids in their natural non-processed form.
Organic Food- artificial chemicals like insecticides, pesticides, preservatives, artificial colors or flavors and artificial sweeteners impose great stress on the liver to remove toxins. So, organic food is the best option to avoid the above chemicals.
Alcohol- consumption of alcohol should be avoided for the people with Gilbert Syndrome as alcohol increase the toxins in the liver imposing the excess load on the liver. Too much consumption of alcohol leads to damage to the liver by the development of scars and fibrosed tissues.
A research study suggests that a specific paleolithic diet like the ketogenic diet is good for the health of the liver that can improve the bilirubin levels. But, it is not confirmed scientifically.
Gilbert syndrome is an inherited disease that leads to the slight rise in the bilirubin levels in the blood showing mild jaundice symptoms mainly in eyes. There are no specific diet recommendations by experts for the disorder. However, consumption of good fats, raw fresh fruits and vegetables and avoidance of alcohol can improve the condition of the liver.