Eyes are one of the vital organs of the human body. Without eyes, we would not be able to see and will be completely dependent on others. There are various ways of treating different diseases related to the eye. Some diseases such as diabetic retinopathy are the complications of underlying diseases. Treatment of the ocular disease depends upon the severity and cause of disease; altered eyesight, whether myopia or hyperopia is the common refractive errors of the eyes. The condition can be treated with glasses, contact lenses and refractive surgery. There are various ways to stop worsening the eyesight.
How Can I Stop My Eyesight From Getting Worse?
Get Enough Sleep: Enough sleep is very important to alleviate eye fatigue. Sleeping recharge eyes after an entire day of strain. If you deprive yourself of sleep at night risk of developing dry eyes, pain, itchiness, and blurry vision increases. In rare cases, you may also have optic nerve damage due to strain and poor blood circulation. The eye needs a minimum of 5 hours of sleep to revitalize itself1.
Take a Break for Eye. People spent more time in front of computer and laptop. The typical workers spent eight to ten hours in front of the screen. So, eyes need a break to replenish. Close the eyes for few minutes or for a short while, and for a break looking out the window once in every 20 minutes.
Reduce the Brightness of Screen. Most of the devices have high brightness. High brightness can cause unnecessary strain on the eyes and even cause headaches. Reducing brightness may have a positive effect on eye health. Your eyes should be also at a level above monitor so that you look slightly down at the screen. Do not use the device with high brightness in dim light because of high brightness cause eye damage. Also, blue light emitting from the device are may permanently damage your eyes2.
Do Not Use Phone In Low Light. If you have a habit to use the phone while you are lying on the bed, then change your habit because using a phone in low light cause strain for your eyes because of the glare. Use phone in low light can damage your eyes and also cause headaches.
According to a study in the New England Journal of Medicine, it was found that using a smartphone screen in dark light before going on the bed cause temporary blindness for a few minutes.
Nourish With Antioxidants. Take healthy food for healthy eyes. Antioxidants such as lutein and zeaxanthin reduce the risk of cataracts and macular degeneration. Lutein and zeaxanthin are found in green leafy vegetables such as kale or spinach. Also, eat five serving fruits and vegetables per day.
Wear Sunglasses. Wear sunglasses when you spent more time in outdoor. Sunglasses protect the eyes from the glare and UV rays. The ultraviolet rays of the sun can damage your eyes over the long term. Wear the sunglasses with adequate protection against UV-A and UV-B rays.
Do Not Smoke. According to research, smoking increases the risk of age-related macular degeneration, cataracts, glaucoma, and syndrome. Smokers have more chance to develop age-related macular degeneration compared to nonsmokers3. Smoking also causes the risk of cataracts and uveitis.
Get Regular Eye Checkup. Regular eye checkup is important for the eyes because many ocular problems are developed without any signs and symptoms. It is recommended the adults in the age of 19-40 and does not have any eye problems should undergo eye examination once in 2 years4.
Eyes are essential to have a happy life. It is our duty to take good care of our eyes. Eyes may have various diseases from simple to complex. Some are progressive while some does worsen with time. Some require immediate medical intervention while in some disease treatment can be delayed. A healthy diet, regular eye examination, sound and proper sleep, reduced use of computers and other devices may help stop eyesight from getting worse.