STD or sexually transmitted disease occurs due to participation in sex. The bacterium that causes an STD passes from one body to another through semen. An STD also occurs when fluids from vagina or penis make contact with each other. A few diseases also spread due to the use of the contaminated hand on the genital region. Numerous bacteria spread due to unprotected sex. However, we only know a few of them until today.
Even if you are in a long-term relationship, you may want to learn about the common sexually transmitted disease, to ensure that you and your partner are free from unwanted diseases. Even if you do not notice any symptoms, there is a chance that you have one, as many of the diseases do not show any signs of their presence.
What is the Most Common STD?
Any active sex partner or individual is likely to have human papillomavirus at some point in time. HPV is the common sexually transmitted disease. Over 40 different types of HPV can spread through unprotected sex. A few of them can spread when you come in touch with the person (skin to skin). However, a majority of the transmissions are through vaginal, anal, and oral sex.
Many of the HPV types do not show any signs of their presence. There is also no change how the body behaves. In certain situations, depending on the overall health of the person, the body eliminates the bacteria on its own. Nonetheless, a few bacteria cause genital warts while others cause infection in the mouth and throat. A few more cause cancer of mouth, cervix, penis, and throat.
Vaccines are available to cure the cancers and offer protection against genital warts, anal and vaginal cancer. The Center for Disease Control recommends males in the age group of 11 and 26, and females in the age group of 11 and 21 receive vaccination for human papillomavirus. Undertaking a Pap smear test will be useful in knowing the condition of cervical cancer. If detected in early stage, curing it is possible with appropriate treatment.
Chlamydia is another commonly occurring sexually transmitted disease in the United States. The spread is due to anal or vaginal sex. However, you can receive it at times through oral sex. Only 50% and 25% of men and women notice the symptoms of the disease. Symptoms include burning sensation after urination and unusual discharge from the vagina.
The cause of chlamydia is bacteria. Fortunately, it is possible to cure the same with the help of antibiotics. After completion of the treatment, it is essential to reassess the condition. It is preferable to take your partner for the retest as well.
Gonorrhea is another STD that occurs commonly in the USA. You can acquire it with chlamydia, and the symptoms are similar. Men acquainted with gonorrhea show symptoms often than women. Like chlamydia, it is possible to cure the disease with the help of antibiotics.
Syphilis is a tricky STD and occurs in four stages. The primary stage occurs with sores. The other name for the disease is “imitator” because the sore appears like a cut or a simple bump. The second stage occurs with a rash on the body followed by sores on anus, vagina, and mouth. Symptoms disappear in the third or fourth stage. However, the third and fourth stage last for a long time or the rest of the life. Only those who do not receive treatment for the same develop the final stage. The final stage is a scenario where there is a failure of organs and nerves.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) – STDs: https://www.cdc.gov/std/default.htm
- World Health Organization (WHO) – Sexually transmitted infections (STIs): https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/sexually-transmitted-infections-(stis)
- Planned Parenthood – STDs and STIs: https://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/stds-hiv-safer-sex
- American Sexual Health Association (ASHA) – STDs/STIs: https://www.ashasexualhealth.org/stdsstis/